The book examines the marginalization of Irish remembrance of the Great War to highlight the connection between war memory, empire, and decolonization. The war was increasingly associated with the British Empire and many Irish believed the conflict was one for imperial gains, with little benefit for Ireland. This research traces this process, showing how a combination of an unpopular war with a redefined sense of national identity functioned to marginalize Irish veterans of the Great War. It also traces how ex-servicemen worked to articulate meaning for their service within the changing political landscape of revolutionary and independent Ireland. Despite their marginalization, ex-servicemen and their supporters worked to preserve their war experience as part of the Irish identity, rather than outside it.