Advertisement

Historic Failures “Statistics”

  • Franco OboniEmail author
  • Cesar Oboni
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter looks at one hundred years of tailings dams major failures “statistics” and shows how a systemic approach can be used to describe failure process of tailings dams.

References

  1. Azam S, Li Q (2010) Tailings Dam Failures: A Review of the Last One Hundred Years, Waste Geo TechnicsGoogle Scholar
  2. Bellringer C (2016) An Audit of Compliance and Enforcement of the Mining Sector, Auditor General for the Province of British ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowker LN, Chambers DM (2015) The risk, public liability, & economics of Tailings Storage Facility failures, the Earthwork Action, 1–56Google Scholar
  4. Caldwell J, Oboni F, Oboni C (2015) Tailings Facility Failures in 2014 and an Update on Failure Statistics, Tailings and Mine Waste 2015, Vancouver, Canada, October 25–28 2015. https://open.library.ubc.ca/media/download/pdf/59368/1.0320843/5
  5. Canadian Dam Association (CDA) (2014) Application of dam safety guidelines to mining dams. Technical BulletinGoogle Scholar
  6. Chapman C, Ward S (2011) The Probability-impact grid - a tool that needs scrapping, in: How to manage Project Opportunity and Risk, 3rd ed., ch. 2, pp 49–51, Chichester, GB, John Wiley & SonsGoogle Scholar
  7. Comar C (1987) Risk: A pragmatic de minimis approach, in: De Minimis Risk, ed C. Whipple, pp. xiii–xiv, New York, Plenum PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Cox, LA Jr (2008) What’s Wrong with Risk Matrices? Risk Analysis 28(2): 497–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dezfuli H, Kelly D, Smith C, Vedros K, Galyean W (2009) Bayesian Inference for NASA Probabilistic Risk and Reliability Analysis, NASA/SP-2011-3421. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20120001369.pdf
  10. [FAA 2002] Federal Aviation Administration (2002) Aviation industry overview fiscal year 2001, FAA Office of Aviation Policy and Plans, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  11. Hubbard D (2009) Worse than Useless. The most popular risk assessment method and Why it doesn’t work, in: The Failure of Risk Management. Ch. 7, pp. 117–144, Hoboken, Wiley & SonsGoogle Scholar
  12. Mahesh P (2014) Statistical Analysis of Common Cause Failure Data to Support Safety and Reliability Analysis of Nuclear Plant Systems, The Canadian Nuclear Safety CommissionGoogle Scholar
  13. [Mount Polley Report 2015] Independent Expert Engineering Investigation and Review Panel (2015) Report on Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility Breach. https://www.mountpolleyreviewpanel.ca/final-report
  14. [NASA 2007] NASA. NASA Systems Engineering Handbook SP-2007-6105. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington, D.C. Chapter 6.4 (2007)Google Scholar
  15. Oboni C, Oboni F (2012) Is it true that PIGs Fly when Evaluating Risks of Tailings Management Systems?, Mining 2012, Keystone COGoogle Scholar
  16. Oboni C, Oboni F (2013) Factual and Foreseeable Reliability of Tailings Dams and Nuclear Reactors—a Societal Acceptability Perspective, Tailings and Mine Waste 2013, Banff, AB, November 6 to 9, 2013Google Scholar
  17. Oboni F, Oboni C (2014a) Ethics and transparent risk communication start with proper risk assessment methodologies, EGU General Assembly 2014, Vienna, May, 2014Google Scholar
  18. Oboni C, Oboni F (2014b) Aspects of Risk Tolerability, Manageable vs. Unmanageable Risks in Relation to Critical Decisions, Perpetuity Projects, Public Opposition, Geohazards 6 (2014), Kingston (ON), Canada, June 15–18, 2014.Google Scholar
  19. Oboni F, Oboni C (2016a) Military Grade Risk Application For projects’ Defence, Resilience and Optimization, Risk and Resilience 2016, Vancouver Canada, November 13–16, 2016Google Scholar
  20. Oboni F, Oboni C (2016b) A systemic look at tailings dams failure process, Tailings and Mine Waste 2016, Keystone CO, USA, October 2–5, 2016. https://www.riskope.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Paper-17_A-systemic-look-at-TD-failure-TMW-2016_07-11_revised.pdf
  21. [Oboni et al. 2013] Oboni F, Oboni C, Zabolotniuk S (2013) Can We Stop Misrepresenting Reality to the Public? CIM 2013, Toronto. https://www.riskope.com/wp-content/uploads/Can-We-Stop-Misrepresenting-Reality-to-the-Public.pdf
  22. [Oboni et al. 2014] Oboni F, Oboni C, Caldwell J (2014) Risk assessment of the long-term performance of closed tailings, Tailings and Mine Waste 2014, Keystone CO, USA, October 5–8, 2014Google Scholar
  23. [Oboni et al. 2016] Oboni F, Caldwell J, Oboni C (2016) Ten Rules For Preparing Sensible Risk Assessments, Risk and Resilience 2016, Vancouver Canada, November 13–16, 2016. https://www.riskope.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Ten-Rules-For-Sensible-Risk-Assessments.pdf
  24. Renshaw FM (1990) A Major Accident Prevention Program, Plant/Operations Progress 9(3): 194–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roche C, Thygesen K, Baker, E (eds.) (2017) Mine Tailings Storage: Safety Is No Accident. A UNEP Rapid Response Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme and GRID-Arendal, Nairobi and Arendal, ISBN: 978-82-7701-170-7. http://www.grida.no/publications/383
  26. Stott JE, Britton P, Ring RW, Hark F, Hatfield GS (2010) Common Cause Failure Modeling: Aerospace versus Nuclear. In: 10th International Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, Seattle, WAGoogle Scholar
  27. Taguchi G (2014) Fault Tree Analysis of Slurry and Dewatered Tailings Management—A Frame Work, Master’s thesis, University of British of ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  28. [TSM Task Force 2015] Report of the TSM Tailings Review Task Force (2015). https://mining.ca/documents/report-tsm-tailings-review-task-force/
  29. Wilson AC, Crouch E (1982) Risk/Benefit Analysis, Cambridge MA, Ballinger Publishing CompanyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oboni Riskope Associates Inc.RiskopeVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations