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History Seen Through the Slums: The Southern Question and the Current Crisis

  • Domenica Farinella
  • Pietro Saitta
Chapter

Abstract

The Italian south, the Mezzogiorno, is often described as being impervious to modernization, with an innate attitude of inertia and even illegality. Contrary to similar narrations, the chapter suggests that the south mirrors dynamics and organizational choices that pertain to the Italian State formation process. Since the Unity, the national division of labor and functions assigned precise roles to the southern areas of the country. The creation of a southern reserve labor army, the artificial production of new markets for the northern industry, and the early processes of tertiarization are examined into details. Within this historical framework, the chapter shows how the southern Italian cities, Messina included, intercepted such processes and adjusted accordingly, showing rationality rather than mere malfunctioning and backwardness.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domenica Farinella
    • 1
  • Pietro Saitta
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento ScipogUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento CospecsUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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