Filtering 2D Seismic Data Using the Time Slice Singular Spectral Analysis
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In the previous chapters, we have seen that time domain methods are good for denoising the seismic data with moderate noisy record. In order to separate true reflection amplitudes from the noisy seismic data, in this chapter, we discuss time slice singular spectrum analysis (TSSSA), a data adaptive signal decomposition based on SSA to alleviate such coloured and complex noise. This method is the time domain version of Cadzow filter but did not gain full attention until 2012. This method is applicable to pre-stack and post-stack data for denoising. By virtue of using seismic amplitudes corresponds to particular time (time slice) to benefit their strong correlation, the method was named as Time Slice SSA. It is a time domain method. In view of the above, in this chapter, Time Slice SSA (TSSSA) denoising algorithm was presented for denoising of 2D seismic reflection data. The first part of this chapter is devoted to provide the testing of the method on synthetic seismic data in comparison with f-x deconvolution (Canales 1984) and f-x SSA (Sacchi 2009) methods. In the second part, the method was applied to high-resolution seismic pre-stack and post data field data.
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