Eden and Its Discontents

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
Part of the American Literature Readings in the 21st Century book series (ALTC)


This chapter begins toward the end of Hemingway’s life and art, with his second African safari. The central focus of inquiry is the problematic, ambivalent, yet generative relationship between nature, narration, and trauma which, by documenting the persistent effects of traumatic wounds, casts a retrospective light on their origins, whether in war, family, or love, in childhood, boyhood, or early adulthood—demonstrating that the forest of Ernest Hemingway is always and already a haunted forest. Hemingway’s second safari is read through the lens of Mary Hemingway’s memoir (How It Was), Hemingway’s Under Kilimanjaro and True at First Light, and trauma theory.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NevadaLas VegasUSA

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