Conclusion: The Self and Its Prospects

  • Angus Kennedy


Identity is one form in which we understand things to be true. A logical expression such as A = A or a mathematical expression such as 1 = 1 is a statement of identity and, on that basis, is true. It is true that A equals A because A is identical to A: A is A. And, equally, it is true that A does not equal B. 1 does not equal 0. Truth is found in identity: not in difference. This simply logical understanding of truth as identity is both profound and superficial.


  1. Audickas, L., Dempsey, N., & Keen, R. (2019). Membership of UK political parties. [Online] Retrieved January 6, 2019, from
  2. BBC News. (2018). Trans inmate jailed for prison sex attacks. [Online]. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from
  3. BBC News. (2019a). Police investigation over ‘misgendering’. [Online]. Retrieved March 26, 2019, from
  4. BBC News. (2019b). Vegans call me murderer and rapist. [Online]. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from
  5. Delsol, C. (2003). Icarus fallen: The search for meaning in an uncertain world. Wilmington, DE: ISI Books.Google Scholar
  6. Flood, A. (2018). ‘Scary new world’: Political book sales explode as UK readers seek answers. [Online] The Guardian. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from
  7. Fukuyama, F. (2018). Identity: Contemporary identity politics and the struggle for recognition. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
  8. Heidegger, M. (2013). Building dwelling thinking. In Poetry, language, thought. New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
  9. Kilgore, E. (2019). The near-extinction of pro-choice republicans in Congress. [Online] Intelligencer. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from
  10. Marsh, S. (2019). Cambridge University rescinds Jordan Peterson invitation. [Online] The Guardian. Retrieved March 26, 2019, from
  11. Ocasio-Cortez, A. (2019). Ocasio 2018: Vote November 6th. [Online] Retrieved January 6, 2019, from
  12. Sartre, J.-P. (2007). Existentialism & humanism. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  13. Seigel, J. (2007). The idea of the self: Thought and experience in Western Europe since the seventeenth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. The Telegraph. (2018). Dutch man, 69, who ‘identifies as 20 years younger’ launches legal battle to change age. [Online]. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from
  15. University of Cambridge. (2019). Rescindment of visiting fellowship | statement from Vice-Chancellor Professor Stephen J Toope. [Online]. Retrieved March 30, 2019, from

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angus Kennedy
    • 1
  1. 1.West SussexUK

Personalised recommendations