This chapter is an exploration of the changing perceptions of the self—particularly the shift from a relatively strong sense of self-reliance to the contemporary understanding of the self as vulnerable. This shift is best captured by the changes in our relationship to and thinking about autonomy, moral independence, and identity, on which much contemporary hostility to autonomy rests. The significance of linking the ideal of self-consciousness and self-determination—that is, autonomy—constitutes the main argument and focus of this chapter.
- Furedi, F. (2011). On tolerance: A defence of moral independence. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
- Furedi, F. (2017). What’s happened to the university?: A sociological exploration of its infantilisation. London: Bloomsbury Press.Google Scholar
- Goethe, J. W. (1962). The sorrows of Young Werther, and selected writings (C. Hutter, Trans.). New York: The New American Library.Google Scholar
- Lasch, C. (1984). The minimal self. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Lukács, G. (1936). The sorrows of Young Werther. Retrieved from https://www.marxists.org/archive/lukacs/works/1936/young-werther.htm.
- Lukács, G. (1968). Goethe and his age. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
- Lukács, G. (1980). The destruction of reason (P. Palmer, Trans.). London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
- Marx, J. H. (1980). The ideological construction of post-modern identity models in contemporary cultural movements. In R. Robertson & B. Holzner (Eds.), Identity and authority: Explorations in the theory of society. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Mill, J. S. (2008). On liberty and other essays. Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics.Google Scholar
- Rousseau, J.-J. (1997). Julie, or the new Héloïse (J. Vache, Trans.). New Hampshire: Dartmouth College Press.Google Scholar