Advertisement

Spatial Heuristic Evaluation Through Wayfinding: A Tale of Two Indian Cities

  • Aditi BhattEmail author
  • Saptarshi Kolay
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 972)

Abstract

Indian cities invigorate a conspicuous imagery influenced by the pattern language evolved through their urban-morphology. Similarly, the walled cities of Jodhpur and Jaipur, though similar in context, are distinct in imageability due to difference in genesis and evolution. The paper thus focuses on wayfinding as a tool through perception of the semantics of urban elements to understand the imageability of study-area. It is based on the heuristic evaluation of imageability of the two cities, through the eyes of floating population visiting the study-area. Visual cognition and mental-map analysis of the users are preceded by spatial tasks to analyze search behaviours. Spatial perception is examined through recall tasks, which helped delineate the neighbourhood level imageability. Gaze behavior analysis through eye-tracker is performed which revalidates the findings of spatial tasks. Hence, it is established that the semantics of spatial cues have direct impact on the navigational ability and imageability of spatial environment.

Keywords

Wayfinding Mental-maps Spatial configuration Urban morphology Imageability 

References

  1. 1.
    Lynch, K.: The Image of the City. M.I.T., Cambridge (1982)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ahmed, N.: Wayfinding behavior in India. In: Abascal, J. et al. (ed.) INTERACT, Bamberg, Germany, pp. 522–530 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Upadhyaya, V., Kakhanwal, M.P.: Traditional walled cities of Rajasthan India: a sustainable planning concept. Int. J. Eng. Res. Manag. Technol. 2(3), 204–217 (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chakrabarti, V., Tillotson, G.H.R.: Building Jaipur the Making of an Indian City. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Funo, S.: Space formation of Jaipur City, Rajasthan, India: An Analysis on City Maps (1925-28) made by Survey of India. J. Asian Archit. Build. Eng. 1(1), 261–269 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Arthur, P., Passini, R.: Wayfinding: People, Signs, and Architecture, Limited Commemorative edn. Focus Strategic Communications, Ontario (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Haq, S., Girotto, S.: Ability and intelligibility: Wayfinding and environmental cognition in the designed. In: 4th International Space Syntax Symposium, London, UK (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kolay, S., Ghosh, M., Kolay, S.: A visual semiotic study of physical design parameters of urban node: case study of Kolkata In: Spaces and Flows International Conference on Urban and Extra-Urban Spaces. Common Ground Publisher, Philadelphia (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Hegarty, M., Richardson, A.E., Montello, D.R., Lovelace, K., Subbiah, I.: Development of a self-report measure of environmental spatial ability. Intelligence 30, 425–447 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ishikawa, T., Montello, D.R.: Spatial knowledge acquisition from direct experience in the environment: individual differences in the development of metric knowledge and the integration of separately learned places. Cogn. Psychol. 52, 93–129 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Skagerlund, K.: Maps in the Head and Maps in the Hand: the interplay between external spatial representations and individual spatial abilities during navigation in a naturalistic environment. Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, Sweden (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lawton, C.A.: Gender differences in way-finding strategies: relationship to spatial ability and spatial anxiety. Sex Roles 30(11/12), 765–779 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Khan, I.H., Kolay, S.: Study of wayfinding behaviours in an outdoor environment. In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol. 35. Springer (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Eye Tracking Inc.: Case studies, http://www.eyetracking.com/Case-Studies
  16. 16.
    Leggett, D.A.: Brief history of eye-tracking, http://www.uxbooth.com/articles/a-brief-history-of-eyetracking
  17. 17.
    Mishra, S., Kolay, S.: Visual perception of the street façade of a historic town: case study of Walled City of Jaipur, India. In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol. 36. Springer (2019)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Emo, B.: Seeing the axial line: evidence from wayfinding experiments. Behav. Sci. 4, 167–180 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations