Advertisement

Girls in Street Situations and Prostitution

  • Riccardo Lucchini
Chapter
Part of the Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research book series (CHIR, volume 21)

Abstract

While it is true that there are less girls than boys on the street, they are far from absent. Yet these girls only rarely appear in the scholarly literature. Girls in street situations are also often assimilated with prostitutes although a large majority of them does not take part in prostitution. This conflation is a consequence of stigmatization that affects women when they leave home for public spaces, and it is also reinforced by programmes for girls that often focus on prostitutes. A majority of girls leave home because of domestic sexual violence, and most of them mention bad treatment, as well as a lack of affection and respect for their personhood. Consumption of inhalants is multifunctional and includes collective and individual functions through the interaction of 3 different factors: (1) the personality of the consumer, (2) the social environment and (3) the product consumed.

Keywords

Girls Prostitution Sexual violence Drugs Inhalants Functions 

References

  1. Adler, F., & Adler, H. M. (1979). Female delinquency: Minor girls and major crimes. In J. Edward Clark & D. H. Kelly (Eds.), Deviant behavior. Readings in the sociology of deviance. New York: St Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  2. Angel, P., Botbol, M., & Facy, F. (1987). Adolescence et solvants. Paris: Echo-Centurion.Google Scholar
  3. Aptekar, L. (1988). Street children of Cali. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Aptekar, L. (1992). Some conceptual and methodological issues in research on street children. San José (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  5. Aptekar, L. (1993a). A cross-cultural approach to the study of street children. San José (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  6. Aptekar, L. (1993b). Some conceptual and methodological issues in research on street children. (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  7. Barker, G. (1994). Recherche sur la connaissance du SIDA, les attitudes et les pratiques des jeunes de la rue. In BICE (Ed.), SIDA. Les enfants aussi. Geneva: BICE.Google Scholar
  8. Barruel de Lagenest, J.-P. (1985). La traite des femmes et la prostitution en Amérique latine. (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  9. Barry, K. (1986). La prostitution est un crime. Déviance et Société, 10(3), 299–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bernsdorf, W. (1955). Soziologie der Prostitution. In H. Giese (Ed.), Die Sexualität der Menschen, Handbuch der medizinischen Sexualforschung. Stuttgart: Enke.Google Scholar
  11. Blanc, C. S. (1992). Urban children in distress: An introduction to the issues. Florence: UNICEF.Google Scholar
  12. Blum, R. H., Blum, E., & Garfield, E. (1976). Drug education: Results and recommendations. Lexington: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  13. Body-Gendrot, S. (1993). Ville et violence. L’irruption de nouveaux acteurs. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  14. Boone, M. S. (1989). Capital crime. Black infant mortality in America. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Brünott, L. (1986). La prostitution comme travail. Déviance et Société, 10(3), 293–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bucher, R. (1992). Drogas e drogadiçao no Brasil (pp. 65–88). Porto Alegre: Artés Medicas.Google Scholar
  17. Bucher, R., da Costa, A. C. L., & de Oliveira, J. A. (1991). Consumo de inhalantes e condiçoes de vida de menores de periferia de Brasilia. Revista ABP-APAL, 13(1), 18–26.Google Scholar
  18. Campbell, A. (1981). Girls delinquents. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  19. Campbell, A. (1987). Self definition by rejection: The case of gang girls. Social Problems, 34(5), 451–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cañadell, R. M., & Ugen, J. F. (1993). Chilean women’s organizations. Their potential for change. In Latin American Perspectives (79, Vol. 20, No 4).Google Scholar
  21. Cannat, N. (1988). Sous les bidons de la ville. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  22. Carlini-Comtrim, B., & Silva-Filho, A. R. (1988). O abuso de Artane por meninos de rua de São Paulo. Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria, 37(4), 201–203.Google Scholar
  23. Carlini-Cotrim, & Carlini, E. A. (1988). The use of solvents and other drugs among homeless and destitute children living in the city streets of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Social Pharmacology, 2(1), 51–62.Google Scholar
  24. Cavan, R. S., & Ferdinand, T. N. (1975). Juvenile delinquency. Philadelphia: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  25. Champion de Castro, G. A. (1998). Introducción a los estudios sociales y comunitarios sobre los inhaladores. Disolventes, inhalantes. Mexico: Consejo nacional contra las adicciones.Google Scholar
  26. Charles-Nicolas, A. (1989). Les principaux outils conceptuels de la psychopathologie des toxicomane. Aspects médicaux, psychologiques et sociaux des toxicomanies. Geneva.Google Scholar
  27. Chatterjee, A. (1992). India: The forgotten children of the cities. Florence: UNICEF.Google Scholar
  28. Clignet, R. (1988). Discontinuité de la vie familiale. Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, LXXXV, 257–275.Google Scholar
  29. Clinard, M. B., & Meier, R. F. (1979). Sociology of deviant behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
  30. Conto de Knoll, D. (1991). Die Strassenkinder von Bogotà. Frankfurt/Main: Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation.Google Scholar
  31. David, P. R. (1987). Children in despair: The Latin American experience. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, XVIII(2), 327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Davis, N. J. (1977). Feminism, deviance, and social change. In E. Sagarin (Ed.), Deviance and social change (pages). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  33. de Almeida, M. T. F. (1986). Alternativas para a menina de rua. In Revista de administraçào municipal, XXXIII, No 178, IBAM.Google Scholar
  34. de Andrade Gonçalves, Z. (1979). Meninos de rua e a marginalidade en Belém. Belem: Salesianos do Pará.Google Scholar
  35. de la Garza Gutiérrez, F., de la Vega, B., & Zúñiga, V. (1985). Control Social y Uso de Drogas en Menores que Trabajan en la Via Publica. Salud Mental, 8(3), 3–7.Google Scholar
  36. de Souza Minayo, M. C. (1992). O Limite da Exclusão Social. Meninos e Meninas de Rua no Brasil. Sào Paulo: Hucitec/Rio de Janeiro: Abrasco.Google Scholar
  37. Dulce Gaspar, M. D. (1985). Garotas de Programa. Prostituiçào en Copacabana e Identidade Social. Rio de Janeiro: J. Zahar.Google Scholar
  38. Espinheira, G. (1984). Divergência et Prostituiçào. Salvador: Tempo Brasileiro.Google Scholar
  39. Espinola, B., Glauser, B., Ortiz, R., & Ortiz de Carrizosa, S. (1990). En la calle: Menores trabajadores de la calle en Asuncion, Paraguay. Asuncion: Imprenta El Grafico.Google Scholar
  40. Fonseca, C. (1985). La circulation des enfants dans un bidonville brésilien. Annales, 40(5), 991–1018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Fonseca, C. (1988). Menores carentes. In B. Trillat (Ed.), Abandon et adoption. Paris: Autrement.Google Scholar
  42. Fossé-Poliak, C. (1984). La notion de prostitution. Une définition préalable. Déviance et Société, 8(3), 251–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Gutierrez, R., Vega, L., & Pérez, C. (1992). Caracteristicas psicosociales de los menores en la calle. Anales Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatria, 63–70.Google Scholar
  44. Halimi, S. (1989). Misère à l’américaine dans l’autre Californie. Le Monde Diplomatique, Le triomphe des inégalités (No 5, p. 37). Paris.Google Scholar
  45. Huston, A. C. (1991). Children in poverty: Developmental and policy issues. In A. C. Huston (Ed.), Children in poverty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Ives, R. (1991). Soluble problems: Tackling solvent sniffing by young people. London: National Children’s Bureau.Google Scholar
  47. Kasarda, J. D., & Parnell, A. M. (1993). Third world cities, problems, policies and prospects. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kilbride, P. L. (1991). Female violence against related children: Child abuse as a modern form of deviance in Kenya. In M. F. D. Raybeck & J. S. Savashinsky (Eds.), Deviance. Anthropological perspectives. New York: Bergin & Garvey.Google Scholar
  49. Larvie, P. (1992). A Construçao Cultural dos Meninos de Rua no Rio de Janeiro: Implicaçoes para a Prevençao de HIV/AIDS. Rio de Janeiro: AIDSCOM/University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  50. Leser de Mello, S. (1989). Un barrio y sus familias. Médio ambiente y urbanización, 8(29), 54–64.Google Scholar
  51. Levinson, D. (1989). Family violence in cross-cultural perspective. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  52. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1973). Anthropologie structurale deux. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  53. Lewis, O. Les enfants de Sanchez. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  54. Lucchini, R. (1985). Drogues et société. Essai sur la toxicodépendance. Fribourg: Editions universitaires de Fribourg.Google Scholar
  55. Lucchini, R. (1986). Une substance psychotrope n’est pas encore une drogue. Réflexions sur le devenir toxicodépendant. Fribourg: ISES (Working paper No. 90.Google Scholar
  56. Lucchini, R. (1993a). Enfant de la rue. Identité, sociabilité, drogue. Genève/Paris: Droz.Google Scholar
  57. Lucchini, R. (1993b). Paroles de femmes marginalisées au Brésil. In N. Michel (Ed.), L’enseignement social chrétien (pp. 141–170). Fribourg: Presses Universitaires de Fribourg.Google Scholar
  58. Lucchini, R. (1994). The street girl. Prostitution, family and drug. University of Fribourg (Working Paper 243).Google Scholar
  59. Lusk, M. (1994). Latin American street children: A regional perspective. Santa Fe (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  60. McCarty, P. (1981). Social Structure in Latin America: A Case of Child Abandonment. (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  61. McLanahan, S., & Garfinkel, I. (1988). Single mothers, the underclass and social policy. Baltimore: Urban University Press.Google Scholar
  62. McLanahan, S., Astone, N. M., & Marks, N. F. (1991). The role of mother-only families in reproducing poverty. In A. C. Huston (Ed.), Children in poverty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Medina-Mora, M. E. (1987). Aspectos epidemiológicos del uso de substâncias inhalantes en la República Mexicana. Salud Mental, 10(4), 11–19.Google Scholar
  64. Medina-Mora, M. E., Ortiz, A., Caudillo, C., & López, S. (1982). Inhalación Deliberada de Disolventes en un Grupo de Menores Mexicanos. Salud Mental, 5(1), 77–81.Google Scholar
  65. Pastoral do Menor (1988). Menor-Mulher. Quem é esta menina, adolescente, São Paulo.Google Scholar
  66. Merton, R. K., & Nisbet, R. A. (1977). Contemporary social problems. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  67. Michel, A.-M. (1993). En Europe l’escalade de la pauvreté. Le Monde Diplomatique, Manière de voir (No 20, p. 12). Paris.Google Scholar
  68. Ministeiro da Saude/Ministeiro de Justiça. (1989). Consumo de Drogas psicotrópicas no Brasil, em 1987. Brasilia: Centro de Documentação do Ministério da Saúde.Google Scholar
  69. Miranda Ferreira, M. D. G. (1986). Mulheres espancadas. E seus filhos? In M. H. F. Steiner (Ed.), Quando a criança nào tem vez. São Paulo: Pioneira.Google Scholar
  70. Moravia, A. (1999). Boredom. New York: New York Review Books.Google Scholar
  71. Morgan, P. S. (1993). Third world urbanization, migration, and family adaptation. In J. D. Kasarda & A. M. Parnell (Eds.), Third world cities. Problems, policies and prospects. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  72. Myers, W. E.. (année). Les enfants des rues: comparaison entre quatre études menées en Amérique du Sud. In Revue Internationale du Travail, 128(3), pages.Google Scholar
  73. Newman, C. (1989). Young runaways: Findings from Britain’s first safe house. London: . Children’s Society.Google Scholar
  74. O’Connor, D. (1986). Glue sniffing and volatile substance abuse: Case studies of children and young adults. Aldershot: Gower Press.Google Scholar
  75. Olievenstein, C. (1983). Le destin du toxicomane. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  76. Ortiz, A. (1991). Family characteristics of inhalants users versus non-inhalants users. Mexico City: Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatria.Google Scholar
  77. Pandey, R. (1991). Street children of India. Allahabad: Chugh Publications.Google Scholar
  78. Phillips, W. S. K. (1994). Street children in India. Jaipur/New Dehli: Rawat.Google Scholar
  79. Polansky, N. A., Gaudin, J. M., & Ammons, P. W. (1985). Loneliness and isolation in child neglect. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 66(1), 38–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Porshnev, B. F. (1978). Opposition as a component of ethnic self-consciousness. In R. E. Holloman & S. A. Arutiunov (Eds.), Perspectives on ethnicity. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  81. Quintas, F. (1986). Sexo e marginalidade. Petropolis: Vozes.Google Scholar
  82. R.E. Dominguez, op. cit., unpublished manuscript, Mendoza 1990, p. 14.Google Scholar
  83. Rafaelsen, O. J., Mendlewicz, J., & Hollister, L. (1979). Abrégé de psychopharmacologie. Brussels: Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  84. Riaño, Y., & Wesche, R. (1994). Changing informal settlements in Latin American cities. In A. R. M. Ritter, M. A. Cameron, & D. H. Pollock (Eds.), Latin America and the Caribbean to the year 2000. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  85. Rochefort, M. (1988). Problèmes généraux de la production du logement des pauvres. Revue Tiers-Monde, XXIX(16), 1045–1081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Roggenbuck, S. (1993). Strassenkinder in Lateinamerika. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  87. Santos, M. (1982). Ensaios sobre a urbanisaçào latino-americana. São Paulo: Editora HUCITEC.Google Scholar
  88. Scheper-Hughes, N. (1985). Culture, scarcity, and maternal thinking: Maternal detachment and infant survival in a Brazilian shantytown. Ethos, 13(4), 291–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Silva, T. (1991). Highlights of situation studies on street children in the Philippines. In R. Pandey (Ed.), Street children of India. Allahabad: Chugh Publications.Google Scholar
  90. Stockley, D., Canter, D., & Bishopp, D. (1992). Young people on the move. Guildford, University of Surrey: Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  91. Sudarkasa, N. (1993). Female-headed African American households. In Harriette Pipes McAdoo, Family ethnicity: Strength in diversity. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  92. Sullivan, M. L. (1993). Absent fathers in the Inner City. In W. J. Wilson (Ed.), The ghetto underclass. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  93. Thio, A. (1978). Deviant behavior. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  94. UNCHS. (1981). United Nations Centre for Human Settlements. The residential circumstances of the urban poor in developing countries. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  95. UNFDAC. (1990). Abuso de Drogas entre meninos meninas de rua do Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Ave Maria.Google Scholar
  96. UNICEF. (1993). Street children in four selected towns of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: UNICEF.Google Scholar
  97. Visano, L. (1990). The socialization of street children: The development and transformation of identities. Sociological Studies of Child Development (Vol. 3).Google Scholar
  98. Woortmann, K. (1987). A familia das mulheres. Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro em co-edição com o Conselho de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riccardo Lucchini
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor EmeritusUniversity of Fribourg Professor EmeritusCorminboeufSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations