Advertisement

Introduction

  • Daniel Stoecklin
  • Riccardo Lucchini
Chapter
Part of the Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research book series (CHIR, volume 21)

Abstract

Departing from the usual explanation in terms of poverty and family problems, the concept «children in street situations » casts light on the social construction and the historical stigmatization of «street children». This “concept in search of an object” introduces to a series of «processual objects», shifting focus from individuals to an «object» – a social process – experienced by them. Closer to symbolic interactionism and pragmatism, the approach goes beyond phenomenological perspective by considering that the object is neither the child as a subject of rights nor the society, but rather the social process that links them together. This allows to highlight the agency of CSS as actors that are simultaneously exposed to situations they are co-constructing with diverse survival strategies. The ‘objects’ that are thus constructed by social actors are considered the result of an evolving structure of pertinences.

Keywords

Children Street Situations Object Process Agency Pertinences 

References

  1. Aptekar, L., & Stoecklin, D. (2014). Street children and homeless youth: A cross-cultural perspective. Dordrecht/Heidelberg/New York/London: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker, H. S. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  3. Blumer, H. (1986). Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Connolly, M., & Ennew, J. (1996). Children out of place. Childhood, 3(2), 131–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ducret, A. (2011). Le concept de « configuration » et ses implications empiriques: Elias avec et contre Weber., SociologieS, La recherche en actes, Régimes d’explication en sociologie, mis en ligne le 11 avril 2011, consulté le 01 octobre 2017. URL: http://sociologies.revues.org/3459
  6. Elias, N. (1981). Qu’est-ce que la sociologie? Paris: Pocket.Google Scholar
  7. Elias, N. (1991). The society of individuals. London/New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  8. Ennew, J. (1994). Street and working children. A guide to planning. (Save the children: development manual 4). London.Google Scholar
  9. Ennew, J. (1995). Outside childhood: Street children’s rights. In B. Franklin (Ed.), The handbook of children’s rights. Comparative policy and practice (pp. 201–214). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Ennew, J., & Milne, B. (1989). The next generation: Lives of third world children. London/Philadelphia: Zed Books/New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
  11. Foucault, M. (2012). Du gouvernement des vivants – Cours au Collège de France. 1979–1980. (Edition établie par M. Senellart, sous la direction de F. Ewald et A. Fontana). Paris: EHESS/Gallimard-Seuil.Google Scholar
  12. Heinich, N. (1997). La Sociologie de Norbert Elias. Paris: Éditions La Découverte.Google Scholar
  13. Kando, T. M. (1977). Social interaction. Saint Louis: The C.V. Mosby Company.Google Scholar
  14. Lemert, E. M. (1967). Human deviance. Social problems and social control. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  15. Lucchini, R. (1993). Enfant de la rue. Identité, sociabilité, drogue. Genève/Paris: Droz.Google Scholar
  16. Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Stoecklin, D. (1998). Enfants des rues en Chine. Une exploration sociologique. Ph.D. thesis. Fribourg: Université de Fribourg.Google Scholar
  18. Stoecklin, D. (2000). Enfants des rues en Chine. Paris: Karthala.Google Scholar
  19. Stoecklin, D. (2017). The general comment on children in street situations: Insights into the institutionalisation of children’s rights. The International Journal of Children’s Rights, 25(4), 817–869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Thomas, W. I., & Thomas, D. S. (1928). The child in America: Behavior problems. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  21. UNCRC. (1989). Convention on the rights of the child (UN, 1989). https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx. Accessed 27 Oct 2018.
  22. UNCRC. (2017). General Comment No. 21 (2017) on children in street situations. CRC/C/GC/21. https://www.crcasia.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/G1717034.pdf. Accessed 27 Oct 2018.
  23. Williame, R. (1973). Les Fondements phénoménologiques de la sociologie comprehensive: Alfred Schutz et Max Weber. La Haye: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Stoecklin
    • 1
  • Riccardo Lucchini
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Children’s Right StudiesUniversity of GenevaBramois/SionSwitzerland
  2. 2.Professor EmeritusUniversity of Fribourg Professor EmeritusCorminboeufSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations