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Biotechnological Applications of Halophilic Fungi: Past, Present, and Future

  • Imran Ali
  • Samira Khaliq
  • Sumbal Sajid
  • Ali Akbar
Chapter

Abstract

Extremophiles are attracting a lot of focus by the researchers in the recent years and amongst them are a group of halophilic fungi inhabiting hypersaline environments ubiquitously distributed globally. In year 2000, the fungi were considered as halophiles which inhabit hypersaline habitats and are ubiquitously distributed throughout the world. However, most of the research on halophilic fungi has been focused on adaptation studies of these fungi in hypersaline habitats or as preliminary reports of biotechnological screenings where some of the applications have been well characterized and researched. However, in the recent years the research has diversified to topics like extremozymes, followed by bioremediation studies. The rapidly changing global environment, upcoming challenges in industrial biotechnology, and unique properties of the metabolites obtained from halophilic organisms and especially obligate halophilic fungi are promising to the prospective future of research in biotechnology.

Keywords

Extremophilic fungi Industrial biotechnology Enzymes Bioremediation Metabolites 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life Sciences and EngineeringSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.Plant Biomass Utilization Research Unit, Botany DepartmentChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Institute of BiochemistryUniversity of BalochistanQuettaPakistan
  4. 4.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of BalochistanQuettaPakistan

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