Legal and Institutional Frameworks on Child Justice Administration in Nigeria

  • Mariam Adepeju Abdulraheem-Mustapha


This chapter demonstrates the efforts consistently directed through legislative synergy at various point in the history of Nigeria towards supporting and sustaining national responses to enable children to realise their rights. The chapter further establishes that until 2003, Nigeria has been applying various legislations for the treatment and protection of children in conflict with the law and demonstrates the influence of the international and regional legal instruments on the enactment of the Child Rights Act (CRA), 2003. Despite the enactment of CRA, child offenders are still being stigmatised, discriminated and suffering from the administrational system. They are exposed to formal criminal process and mingling them with adult criminals. In addition, the structures of custodial institutions were further analysed and the chapter voiced out that some of the institutions have derogated from international standards. The chapter, therefore, calls for a comprehensive legislative reform to ensure that rights of vulnerable children are systematically addressed in the laws and policies and there is coherent consolidated children’s legislation like what is obtainable in South Africa child justice regime.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariam Adepeju Abdulraheem-Mustapha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Law, Faculty of LawUniversity of IlorinIlorin, Kwara StateNigeria

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