Legal and Institutional Frameworks on Child Justice Administration in Nigeria
This chapter demonstrates the efforts consistently directed through legislative synergy at various point in the history of Nigeria towards supporting and sustaining national responses to enable children to realise their rights. The chapter further establishes that until 2003, Nigeria has been applying various legislations for the treatment and protection of children in conflict with the law and demonstrates the influence of the international and regional legal instruments on the enactment of the Child Rights Act (CRA), 2003. Despite the enactment of CRA, child offenders are still being stigmatised, discriminated and suffering from the administrational system. They are exposed to formal criminal process and mingling them with adult criminals. In addition, the structures of custodial institutions were further analysed and the chapter voiced out that some of the institutions have derogated from international standards. The chapter, therefore, calls for a comprehensive legislative reform to ensure that rights of vulnerable children are systematically addressed in the laws and policies and there is coherent consolidated children’s legislation like what is obtainable in South Africa child justice regime.
- Abrifor et al., ‘Differences, Trend and Pattern Recidivism Among Inmates in Selected Nigerian Prisons’ (2010), European Scientific Journal.Google Scholar
- Adeleke, A. A., ‘Use of Library Resources by Academic Staff if the Nigerian Olytechnics’ (2005) Journal of Library Science 12(2), 15–24.Google Scholar
- Aduba, J. N., ‘From Punishment to Treatment: Humane Approach to the Sentencing of Young Offenders’, in Women and Children under the Nigerian Law (Vol. 6, Federal Ministry of Justice Publication, 1989).Google Scholar
- Aguda, T. A., and Okagbue, I., Principles of Criminal Liability in Nigerian Law (Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books, 1990).Google Scholar
- Ahire, P. T., ‘Juvenile Delinquency and the Handling of Young Prisoners in Nigerian Borstal Institutions’, in The Nigerian Prisons Service and the Public (Abuja: Nigerian Prisons Service, 1987).Google Scholar
- Ahire, P. T. ‘Native Authority Police in Northern Nigeria: End of an era?’, in T. N. Tamuno, I. L. Bashir, E. E. O. Alemika, and A. O. Akano (eds.), Policing Nigeria: Past, Present and Future (Lagos: Malthouse Press Ltd., 1993).Google Scholar
- Alemika, E. E. O., A Study of Socio-Cultural and Economic Factors in Delinquency Among Kaduna Borstal Inmates, Unpublished (B.Sc. Sociology Original Essay, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Nigeria, 1978).Google Scholar
- Alemika, E. E. O., and Chukwuma, I. C., Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria: Philosophy and Practice (Lagos: Centre for Law Enforcement Education, 2001).Google Scholar
- Awe, B. O., ‘The History of the Prison System in Nigeria’, in T. O. Elias (ed.), The Nigerian Prison System (University of Lagos, 1968).Google Scholar
- Chinwe, R. N., and Naomi, E. N. A., Research Findings of Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Lagos: Constitutional Right Project [CRP], 2003).Google Scholar
- Crowder, M., The Story of Nigeria (London: Faber and Faber, 1978).Google Scholar
- Edem, D. A., Introduction to Educational Administration in Nigeria 10, (1998).Google Scholar
- Egu, M. A., History of the Nigerian Prison Service: an Insider Account (Abuja: Garkida Press Ltd., 1990).Google Scholar
- Ehonwa, O. L., Prisoners in the Shadows (Lagos: Civil Liberties Organisation, 1993).Google Scholar
- Falobi, F., (2009), Empowering Prison Inmates, http://www.independentngonline.com/.
- Ferguson, T., The Young Delinquent in His Social Setting (London: Oxford University Press, 1952).Google Scholar
- Holland, Paul, and Mlyniec, Wallace J., Whatever Happened to the Right to Treatment? The Modern Quest for a Historical Promise 68, (1995).Google Scholar
- Idyotough, Alamveabee E., Operational Research Report on Challenges of Borstal Institutions, Remand Homes, Reformatories and Approved Schools in Nigeria (Abuja Nigeria: Federal Department of Social Welfare, Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, 2013).Google Scholar
- Igbo, E. U. M., Introduction to Criminology (Nsukka: Afro-Orbis Publishing Co. Ltd., 1999).Google Scholar
- Mill, Stephenie J., ‘The Age of Criminal Responsibility in an Era of Violence: Has Britain set a Vandabult’ (1995), Journal of Transnational Law Vandabult University Nashville, 28(2).Google Scholar
- Milner, A., The Nigerian Penal System (London: Sweet and Maxwell 1972).Google Scholar
- Nafiu, Akeem, and Oyesina, Tunde, “ACJA 2015: So Far, Not Too Good”, available at https://newtelegraphonline.com/2017/12/acja-2015-far-not-good/.
- Ogbolumami, B. O., ‘Institutional Treatment of Juveniles’, in T. O. Elias (ed.), The Nigerian Magistrate and the Offender (Benin City: Ethiope Publishing Corporation, 1970).Google Scholar
- Ojo, F., Human Resource Management: Theories and Issues 15, (1988).Google Scholar
- Okagbue, I., ‘The Treatment of Juvenile Offenders and the Rights of the Child’, in I. A. Ayua and I. E. Okagbue (eds.), The Rights of the Child in Nigeria (Nigerian Institute of Advance Legal Studies, 1996).Google Scholar
- Okoli, B., Nigeria: The Constitution and Child Rights, October 19, 2007, available at http://allafrica.com/stories200710190453.html.
- Olaitan, G. I., (2003). Relationship Between Provision, Utilisation of Students’ Services and Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis, 2003.Google Scholar
- Osinbajo and Kalu, Law Development and Administration in Nigeria (Lagos: Federal Ministry of Justice, 1990).Google Scholar
- Owasanoye, B., and Wenham, M., Street Children and Juvenile Justice System in Lagos State of Nigeria (Human Development Initiative, 2004).Google Scholar
- Sa’ad, Abdul-Mumin, ‘Juvenile Justice in Nigeria’, A Paper Presented at the Conference Session of the Research Committee on Deviant Behaviour (RC 29) During the XVI International Sociological Association (ISA) World Congress of Sociology, (Durban, South Africa, 2006).Google Scholar
- Schafer, S., The Victim and His Criminal: A Study of Functional Responsibility (New York: Random House, 1978) cited by Chinwe R. Nwanna and Naomi E. N. Akpan, Research Findings of Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria.Google Scholar
- Soyombo, O., Sociology and Crime Control: That We May Live in Peace, (2009).Google Scholar
- Tamuno, T. N., Bashir, I. L., Alemika, E. E. O., and Akano, A. O. (eds.), Policing Nigeria: Past, Present and Future (Lagos: Malthouse Press Ltd., 1993).Google Scholar
- Ugwuoke, C. U., Criminology: Explaining Crime in the Nigerian Context 23.Google Scholar
- Wilson, H., (2009), Curbing Recidivism in Our Society, Available at http://www.pioneerng.com/article.php?title=Curbing_Recidivism_In_Our_Societyandid=2765.
- Yusuf, S., ‘Students’ Personnel Services and Academic Performance in Ilorin-South Local Government Area Secondary School. Kwar State’ (2011).Google Scholar