• Mariam Adepeju Abdulraheem-Mustapha


The philosophy behind child justice administration is generally rooted in the fact that, children being vulnerable persons must undergo a special process when they come into contact with the criminal justice system. Although there are few research materials that establish and provide lines of argument on the legal and institutional frameworks for child justice administration across Africa. The importance of a sui generis child justice administration is only recently being realised in African countries especially with the ratification of the international and regional legal instruments. This chapter provides a detailed account of the extent to which the child justice administration evolved in Africa generally using Nigeria and South Africa as case studies respectively of a developing and a transitioning context in Africa. The chapter further outlines the methodology adopted and the distinctive feature of the book which serves as a major attempt at making a comparative analysis on child justice administration in Nigeria and South Africa in an empirical manner.


  1. Alemika, E. E. O., and Chukwuma, I. C., Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria: Philosophy and Practice (Centre for Law Enforcement Education, Lagos, 2001), 15.Google Scholar
  2. Alemika, E. I., Law and the Rights of Suspects in Nigeria. (Unpublished, Ph.D. Law and Diplomacy University of Jos, Jos Nigeria, 2010).Google Scholar
  3. Godfrey O. Odongo, “Introduction: The History of Juvenile Justice Systems in Africa,” in S. H. Decker and N. Marteache (eds.), International Handbook of Juvenile Justice (Springer, Switzerland, 2017), 2.Google Scholar
  4. Hema, Hargovan, Child Justice in Practice: The Diversion of Young Offenders. Available at Accessed 22 December 2018.
  5. Ngatsha Kankasa, Sindiso, The Child Justice System and the Rights of the Child in Conflict with the Law: A Case Study of Zambia. (Unpublished, Master of Programme in International Human Rights Law, Faculty of Law, Lund University, Sweden, 2006).Google Scholar
  6. Roberts, Cynthia H., Juvenile Delinquency: Causes and Effect (Yale-Haven Teachers Institute, 1986).Google Scholar
  7. Roy, N., Justice Denied: The Treatment of Children in Conflict with the Law (Final Report, Save the Children UK Juvenile Justice Global Review, 2001). Available at Accessed 14 February 2011.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariam Adepeju Abdulraheem-Mustapha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Law, Faculty of LawUniversity of IlorinIlorin, Kwara StateNigeria

Personalised recommendations