The philosophy behind child justice administration is generally rooted in the fact that, children being vulnerable persons must undergo a special process when they come into contact with the criminal justice system. Although there are few research materials that establish and provide lines of argument on the legal and institutional frameworks for child justice administration across Africa. The importance of a sui generis child justice administration is only recently being realised in African countries especially with the ratification of the international and regional legal instruments. This chapter provides a detailed account of the extent to which the child justice administration evolved in Africa generally using Nigeria and South Africa as case studies respectively of a developing and a transitioning context in Africa. The chapter further outlines the methodology adopted and the distinctive feature of the book which serves as a major attempt at making a comparative analysis on child justice administration in Nigeria and South Africa in an empirical manner.
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