Selection of Appropriate Patients for Outpatient Spine Surgery

  • William D. Smith
  • Karishma Gupta
  • Maritza Kelesis
  • Joseph L. Laratta


For many years outpatient surgery centers have been used to perform procedures such as microlumbar discectomy, lumbar laminotomy, decompressions, and fusions. These procedures have been shown to be safe and cost-effective in the outpatient setting while also demonstrating better outcomes and patient satisfaction. An important component of outpatient spine surgery is patient selection and safety. Factors affecting patient safety include the patient’s general health status, the risk profile of the approach, and the familiarity of the surgeon with the operative procedure. Patient selection factors include age, comorbidities, diagnosis, treatment levels, hemoglobin levels, body mass index (BMI), and patient disposition. If a patient maintains anxiety about outpatient spine surgery, this should be considered a contraindication. Literature has shown that lumbar fusion surgery in outpatient settings has had positive outcomes when compared to traditional spine surgery or spine surgery in an inpatient setting, such as shorter operating room (OR) time, less blood loss, and reduced procedure cost. Those electing for outpatient surgery are also often discharged sooner and experience greater satisfaction with their outcomes.


Lateral lumbar interbody fusion Outpatient selection factors for spine surgery Minimally invasive spine surgery Literature review of outpatient spine surgery Outpatient spine surgery Outpatient lumbar fusion Outpatient decompression Patient selection for lumbar fusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. Smith
    • 1
    • 2
  • Karishma Gupta
    • 3
  • Maritza Kelesis
    • 3
  • Joseph L. Laratta
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Medical Center of Southern NevadaLas VegasUSA
  2. 2.Western Regional Center for Brain and Spine SurgeryLas VegasUSA
  3. 3.Western Regional Center for Brain and Spine SurgeryLas VegasUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Louisville Medical CenterLouisvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryNorton Leatherman Spine CenterLouisvilleUSA

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