Confidentiality is the opposite of publicity. It can be defined as an ‘obligation to protect information that is not generally known and to use or disclose it only to approved persons, for agreed purposes’. Thus, the purpose of confidentiality is to prevent disclosure to third parties, but not the use of the information between the same parties. This definition also implies that a complete confidentiality cannot be achieved as, in some cases, the confidential information will have to be disclosed.
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