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Microbial Ecology of Saline Ecosystems

  • Vishnuvardhan Reddy Sultanpuram
  • Thirumala Mothe
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 56)

Abstract

In studies on microbial diversity and functioning of ecosystems of extreme environments, saline habitats are one of the important model systems. Microbial form of life is found over an extremely wide range of salt concentrations, from that of fresh water to hypersaline environments. Halophilic microorganisms are microbes that live in habitats of high ionic strength, and these organisms cope with hyperosmotic stress by utilizing various strategies. The ecology of these saline ecosystems is studied using various techniques, such as analysis of total community and specific biomarkers. Further, the usual culture-dependent and culture-independent techniques are also helpful in these studies. India has large numbers of biodiversity hotspots including diversified saline ecosystems. There are only limited reports on the culturable and yet to be cultivated halophilic bacteria from the country, which needs great endeavour in the future.

Keywords

Saline habitats Microbial diversity Characterization studies India 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vishnuvardhan Reddy Sultanpuram
    • 1
  • Thirumala Mothe
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbial Ecology Laboratory, Department of Applied BiosciencesMahatma Gandhi UniversityNalgondaIndia

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