A History of Burn Care

  • Leopoldo C. Cancio
  • Steven E. Wolf


Remarkable progress in burn care since WWII has resulted in a doubling of postburn survival for young patients in modern burn centers. This success story was the result, above all, of the integration of laboratory and clinical research at institutes devoted to improving the care of these most challenging patients. The advances in care included multidisciplinary burn teams, fluid resuscitation, wound care, surgery, inhalation injury, nutritional requirements, metabolic support, and rehabilitation. Understanding the relative impact of these innovations on outcomes can help us to determine how to improve care in more austere health care systems. Understanding how these innovations were achieved is essential if we are to continue to innovate successfully in this field.


Burns History of medicine Fire disasters Military personnel Outcomes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leopoldo C. Cancio
    • 1
  • Steven E. Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.U.S. Army Institute of Surgical ResearchFort Sam HoustonUSA
  2. 2.Shriners Hospitals for Children - GalvestonUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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