Wrapping Up: The New Geographies and Frontiers of the AI have Arrived. Who is Taking the Lead?

  • Alex Covarrubias V.Email author
  • Sigfrido M. Ramírez Perez
Part of the Palgrave Studies of Internationalization in Emerging Markets book series (PSIEM)


We crafted this book to offer a fresh and comprehensive account of the far-reaching transformations experienced by the automotive industry (AI). We called for studies and frameworks that better help us to decode the nature and internal logic of such transformations along with the reconfiguration of the industry’s geographical, technological, organizational and institutional footprints. The 18 country cases analysed allow us to find out a set of common tendencies across national frontiers, coloured by the embedded nature of players, government institutions and local market environments. In what follows, we reflect on these findings around five thematic issues, namely changing geographies (relocating production centres, displacing markets and product cycle revitalization), actors’ strategies (power geometries and struggles for the industry leadership), industrial relations systems (wages and labour relations), industry transitions and government policies.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Covarrubias V.
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sigfrido M. Ramírez Perez
    • 2
  1. 1.College of SonoraHermosilloMexico
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for European Legal HistoryFrankfurt am MainGermany

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