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Using a Neurocomputational Autobiographical Memory Model to Study Memory Loss

  • Di WangEmail author
  • Ahmed A. Moustafa
  • Ah-Hwee Tan
  • Chunyan Miao
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems book series (SSCNS, volume 13)

Abstract

Autobiographical memory (AM) is a core component of human life and plays an important role in self-identification. Various conceptual models have been proposed to explain its functionalities and describe its dynamics. However, most existing computational AM models do not distinguish AM from other long-term memory. Specifically, during model design, the unique features and the memory encoding, storage, and retrieval procedures of AM were not taken into consideration in prior models. In this chapter, we introduce our neurocomputational AM model, which is consistent with Conway and Pleydell-Pearce’s model in terms of both the network structure and dynamics. We further propose how to apply our parameterized computational model to quantitatively study memory loss in people of different age groups. As such, we provide a suitable tool to evaluate the effect of different memory loss phases in a rapid and quantitative manner, which may be difficult or impossible in experimental studies on human subjects.

Keywords

Autobiographical memory Neurocomputational model Memory loss Cognitive modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported, in part, by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore, under its IDM Futures Funding Initiative and the Singapore Ministry of Health under its National Innovation Challenge on Active and Confident Ageing (NIC Project No. MOH/NIC/COG04/2017).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Di Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ahmed A. Moustafa
    • 2
  • Ah-Hwee Tan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Chunyan Miao
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Joint NTU-UBC Research Centre of Excellence in Active Living for the ElderlyNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.School of Social Sciences and Psychology & Marcs Institute for Brain and BehaviourWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.School of Computer Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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