Troubles Ahead

  • Paweł Grabarczyk
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 409)


In this chapter I look at the original DTM from a critical perspective. Firstly, I closely analyze the way directives produce meanings of words. Secondly, I look at the consequences of the holistic nature of the DTM. Next, I expand on the pragmatic aspect of the theory and try to imagine how the process of gathering directives should look like. In the following subsection I inspect the reasons and consequences of the non-referential status of the DTM. In Sect. 3.6 I discuss Alfred Tarski’s counterexample which discouraged Ajdukiewicz from developing the theory further. Section 3.7 brings to light some of the non-obvious assumptions on syntax which are present in the DTM. The chapter closes with the examination of the most problematic aspect of the original theory – the fact it was originally restricted only to “closed” and “connected” languages. I explain Ajdukiewicz’s reasons for this restriction and prepare ground for its elimination.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LodzIT University of CopenhagenLodzPoland

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