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Bovine Tuberculosis in the Republic of Sudan: A Critical Review

  • Z. A. Ishag
  • El Tigani Asil
  • Ali Parsaeimehr
  • Guo-Qing Shao
Chapter

Abstract

Sudan is an African country with an animal population in size second only to that of Ethiopia. Livestock in Sudan suffer from a range of diseases including bovine tuberculosis (BTB). Detection of BTB in cattle at abattoirs during the course of meat inspection remains the principal way of generating data about the occurrence of BTB in the country. Measures to manage and control BTB in the livestock population in Sudan are poorly applied because of financial and other regional constraints. Since the presence of the disease remains of great public health concern, and given the numbers of HIV-positive people and the risk of M. bovis to occur as a zoonotic co-infection with HIV, a large-scale surveillance initiative is needed to determine the actual prevalence of BTB in animals and humans.

In this chapter, we review the existing information about BTB in cattle and humans in Sudan. We also propose a number of strategies that should assist to control the disease in the country.

Keywords

Bovine tuberculosis Sudan Review 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. A. Ishag
    • 1
    • 2
  • El Tigani Asil
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ali Parsaeimehr
    • 4
  • Guo-Qing Shao
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, National Research Center for Engineering and Technology of Veterinary Bio-productsInstitute of Veterinary Medicine, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Veterinary SciencesUniversity of NyalaNyalaSudan
  3. 3.Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary MedicineQassim UniversityBuraydahKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4.Laboratory of Biosystems EngineeringInstitute of Biotechnology, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanjingChina

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