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Amphistomes

  • Veena Tandon
  • Bishnupada Roy
  • Jollin Andrea Shylla
  • Sudeep Ghatani
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1154)

Abstract

Amphistomes, commonly referred to as ‘stomach’ or ‘rumen’ flukes because of the localization of these flukes in the stomach of ruminants, are digenetic trematodes distinguished by the absence of an oral sucker and the position of the ventral sucker or acetabulum at the posterior end of the body. The body is characterized by leaf-like fleshy structure, pink or red in colour with a large posterior sucker. Amphistomes are an important group of parasites since they cause ‘amphistomiasis’ (variously known as paramphistomosis/amphistomosis), a serious disease of great economic importance in ruminants worldwide. These parasites have a broad spectrum of definitive hosts together with a wide geographical distribution. Though, they form a continuous evolutional lineage from fishes to mammals, amphistomes mainly inhabit the rumen and reticulum of ruminant mammals, while some species occur in the large intestine or parenteric sites of ruminants, pigs, equines and man.

Keywords

Digenetic trematodes Amphistomes Paramphistomoidea Amphistomiasis Stomach/rumen flukes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veena Tandon
    • 1
  • Bishnupada Roy
    • 2
  • Jollin Andrea Shylla
    • 3
  • Sudeep Ghatani
    • 4
  1. 1.Biotech ParkLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia
  3. 3.St. Anthony’s CollegeShillongIndia
  4. 4.Department of ZoologySikkim UniversityGangtokIndia

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