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Dicrocoeliidae Family: Major Species Causing Veterinary Diseases

  • M. Yolanda Manga-GonzálezEmail author
  • M. Carmen Ferreras
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1154)

Abstract

This chapter analyses the taxonomic position of Dicrocoeliidae family and several of its genus and species. The biology of the major species causing veterinary diseases such Dicrocoelium dendriticum, Dicrocoelium hospes, Dicrocoelium chinensis, Eurytrema pancreaticum and Platynosomum fastosum, has been reviewed. All these species have an indirect life cycle, involving two intermediate hosts (molluscs as first and ants, grasshoppers and lizards as second). Dicrocoelium dendriticum is a very widespread hepatic trematode in the ruminants of many countries in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, even affecting humans. Dicrocoelium hospes is widely distributed in the savanna areas of Africa south of the Sahara, whilst D. chinensis has mainly been found in ruminants in East Asia and some European countries (probably imported from Asia). Eurytrema pancreaticum is a common parasite whose adults live in ruminant bile ducts, gall bladder, pancreatic ducts and intestines in Europe, Madagascar, Asia and South America. Adult P. fastosum live in the liver, gall bladder and pancreas of birds and mammals in Europe, Africa, Asia, North, Central and South America. Information about the epidemiology, pathology, clinical aspect, diagnosis, treatment, control, prevention and economic impact mainly of Dicrocoeliosis produced by D. dendriticum, as well as of Eurytrematodosis and Platynosomiosis, has been included.

Keywords

Dicrocoeliidae Dicrocoelium dendriticum Dicrocoelium hospes Dicrocoelium chinensis Dicrocoeliosis Eurytrema cladorchis Eurytrema pancreaticum Platynosomum fastosum Eurytrematodosis Platynosomiosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Yolanda Manga-González
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Carmen Ferreras
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Instituto de Ganadería de MontañaConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC-ULE)LeónSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (CSIC-ULE)Universidad de LeónLeónSpain

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