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Molecular Mapping of Grapevine Genes

  • Silvia VezzulliEmail author
  • Agnès Doligez
  • Diana Bellin
Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

In this chapter, we review the history of grapevine genetics and gene mapping. Genetic markers are introduced considering both sequence-based and sequence-independent approaches used for variant discovery. We provide a survey of genotyping tools, from low- to high-throughput platforms. We describe general principles of map building and implementation, highlighting specificities for outbred species such as the grapevine. Then, we review the different approaches applied for QTL identification according to the genetic material, from bi-parental progenies, pedigree-supported segregating populations, to germplasm collection. In particular, our emphasis is on the relevance of such studies for the dissection of a complex trait. We describe the difficult process of identifying genes responsible for QTLs and the few cases of QTL cloning. Many years have passed from the first grapevine marker isolation, the development of genetic and physical maps, until the deciphering of the genome sequence. With such a wealth of detailed information on wild and cultivated grapevines, we discuss how data sharing and multidisciplinary data integration are the current challenges that the scientific community faces to effectively translate knowledge into practice.

Keywords

Genetic marker Linkage map Trait architecture Genotype–phenotype association Data set integration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors apologize to the scientists that are not cited because of space limitation. They gratefully thank Paola Bettinelli (FEM) for literature management.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia Vezzulli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Agnès Doligez
    • 2
    • 3
  • Diana Bellin
    • 4
  1. 1.Research and Innovation CentreFondazione Edmund MachSan Michele all’AdigeItaly
  2. 2.UMR AGAPUniversity of Montpellier-CIRAD-INRA-Montpellier SupAgroMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.UMT Geno-Vigne®IFV-INRA-Montpellier SupAgroMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.Dipartimento di BiotecnologieUniversità di VeronaVeronaItaly

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