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Sugarcane Production and Its Utilization as a Biofuel in India: Status, Perspectives, and Current Policy

  • Kamla Malik
  • Deepak Kumar VermaEmail author
  • Shikha Srivastava
  • S. Mehta
  • N. Kumari
  • Khushboo
  • Abhishek Verma
  • Mukul Kumar
  • Subash Chand
  • A. K. Tiwari
  • K. P. Singh
Chapter

Abstract

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is an industrially and economically important agricultural commodity. It is used for the production of sugar and/or bioethanol. Ethanol’s use as a biofuel source helps in reducing the environmental degradation caused by greenhouse gases and immoderate use of fossil fuels. In India, sugarcane molasses is used as a feedstock for ethanol production by the fermentation process, which is later used as biofuel by blending it with gasoline in different ratios. India’s biofuel policy acts as a significant contributor toward social and economic development of rural areas and mobilization of resources that create employment opportunities. In 2002, Ethanol Blending Program (EBP) was launched and implemented with a 5% blending target. The target was achieved in 20 states and 4 union territories and was later increased to 20% with a goal to reduce pollution, encourage bio-product engenderment, and enhance socioeconomic status in the rural areas. In this regard, this chapter details the current status and prospects of sugarcane ethanol blending in India.

Keywords

Sugarcane Biofuel Ethanol Ethanol Blending Program Bioenergy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamla Malik
    • 1
  • Deepak Kumar Verma
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shikha Srivastava
    • 3
  • S. Mehta
    • 1
  • N. Kumari
    • 4
  • Khushboo
    • 1
  • Abhishek Verma
    • 5
  • Mukul Kumar
    • 6
  • Subash Chand
    • 7
  • A. K. Tiwari
    • 8
  • K. P. Singh
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  2. 2.Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyDeen Dyal Upadhyay Gorakhpur UniversityGorakhpurIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  5. 5.Department of Industrial and Systems EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  6. 6.Department of Botany and Plant PhysiologyMandan Bharti Agriculture College (Established Constituent College of Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur)Agwanpur, SaharsaIndia
  7. 7.Department of AgronomyB.R.D.P.G. CollegeDeoriaIndia
  8. 8.UP Council of Sugarcane ResearchShahjahanpurIndia
  9. 9.Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology & BioinformaticsChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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