Economic and Environmental Performance of Post-Communist Transition Economies

  • Lina SinevicieneEmail author
  • Oleksandra V. Kubatko
  • Iryna M. Sotnyk
  • Ausrine Lakstutiene
Conference paper
Part of the Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics book series (EBES, volume 11/1)


This paper presents the results of the empirical study for determining the factors affecting the environmental and economic per capita performance of national economies in the case of 15 post-Soviet republics over the period 1995–2013. The study shows that the growth of GDP per capita stimulates CO2 efficiency of all countries. Other significant factors of CO2 efficiency are energy efficiency, the increase of oil prices, the gross fixed capital formation and processes of small and large privatization. However, a multi-directional effect of some individual factors is established. Energy efficiency improvements are related to the growth of CO2 efficiency. Oil prices and small-scale privatization also positively affect CO2 efficiency, while large-scale privatization and the increase of gross fixed capital reduce the carbon efficiency. It was found that the growth of oil prices positively affects GDP per capita as well as carbon efficiency, while large-scale privatization has a negative impact on both indicators. The increase of gross fixed capital has a multi-directional influence on environmental and economic performance leading to per capita GDP growth and reduction of CO2 efficiency.


Economic and environmental performance Post-communist transition economies Econometric model Carbon efficiency GDP per capita 



This research was funded by a grant (No. TAP LU-4-2016) from the Research Council of Lithuania.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Sineviciene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Oleksandra V. Kubatko
    • 2
  • Iryna M. Sotnyk
    • 2
  • Ausrine Lakstutiene
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Economics and Business, Kaunas University of TechnologyKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Business AdministrationSumy State UniversitySumyUkraine

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