Advertisement

Interregional Aspects of Employment as a Factor in the Formation of the Labor Potential

  • M. V. SimonovaEmail author
  • S. Kolesnikov
  • N. Spravchikova
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 139)

Abstract

The article substantiates the impact of employment on the labor potential and the need for state regulation of employment. As a result of the analysis of employment in the Volga Federal District, it is determined that social relations are characterized by a high degree of influence of administrative management methods, a low level of social partnership and a weak control over compliance with labor legislation in small firms. Considering the segmentation of the labor market, the unorganized (competitive) segment dominates the Russian market, where neither employees nor companies have strong control over supply and demand, and individual transactions are concluded depending on the labor market situation. In this situation, the processes of regulating the quality of the labor force, both on the part of the hired worker and the employer, are hampered. The basic elements of the formation of the labor market at the regional level are determined. On the basis of empirical methods of economic research, the relationship between employment and the state of the labor potential is determined. At the same time, the key role is played by the conformity of the quality of workforce with the level of technological equipment of workplaces, complexity and scale solved in the workflow of tasks, which entails the development or degradation of the labor potential. The thesis about the structural change in employment, as the scientific and technical progress is developing, is substantiated. In order to identify the most significant factors affecting employment of the population, a regression-correlation analysis of parameters for two regions of the Volga Federal District was carried out, which showed that investments in fixed assets and average monthly wages exert a stronger influence on employment than in other parameters. On the basis of the data obtained, the authors have made a conclusion to increase investment for the modernization of enterprises and to create efficient jobs that enable them to develop their labor potential and ensure the growth of wages.

Keywords

Employment Labor potential Quality of labor Labor market Jobs 

References

  1. 1.
    Mello, M.: Skilled labor, unskilled labor, and economic growth. Econ. Lett. 100, 428–431 (2008)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gimpelson, V., Kapelyushnikov, R.: Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different? The Oxford Handbook of the Russian Economy (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199759927.013.0012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vasileva, A.: Forecast of labor migration, reproduction of population, and economic development of Russia. In: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts, SGEM 2017, Book 14, pp. 339–346. STEF92 Technology (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vindigni, A., Scotti, S., Tealdi, C.: Uncertainty and the politics of employment protection. J. Labor Econ. 33, 209–267 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fehr, E., Kirchler, E., Weichbold, A., Gächter, S.: When social norms overpower competition: gift exchange in experimental labor markets. J. Labor Econ. 16, 324–351 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Addison, J.T., Teixeira, P.: The economics of employment protection. J. Labor Res. 24, 85–128 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Biggar, D.R., Wise, M.O.: Competition in professional services. SSRN Electron. J. (2002).  https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.318763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cardoso, A.R., Loviglio, A., Piemontese, L.: Misperceptions of unemployment and individual labor market outcomes. IZA J. Labor Policy 5, 13 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ritzen, J., Zimmermann, K.F.: A vibrant European labor market with full employment. IZA J. Eur. Labor Stud. 3, 10 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beaudry, P., Green, D.A. Sand, B.M.: In Search of Labor Demand. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series No. 20568 (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Manchester, C.F.: General human capital and employee mobility: how tuition reimbursement increases retention through sorting and participation. Ind. Labor Relat. Rev. 65, 951–974 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kulkarni, M., Lengnick-Hall, M.L., Martinez, P.G.: Overqualification, mismatched qualification, and hiring decisions. Pers. Rev. 44, 529–549 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Golan, L.: Counteroffers and efficiency in labor markets with asymmetric information. J. Labor Econ. 23, 373–393 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Greer, I., Hauptmeier, M.: Management whipsawing: the staging of labor competition under globalization. Ind. Labor Relat. Rev. 69, 29–52 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Simonova, M.V., Sankova, L.V., Mirzabalaeva, F.I., Shchipanova, D.Y., Dorozhkin, V.E.: Assessment problems and ensuring of decent work in the Russian regions. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Educ. 11, 7608–7626 (2016)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chang, J.: The diversification of employment type and inequality of labor market. Employ. Labor Brief 2, 1–8 (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wheeler, J.S., Ngo, T., Cecil, J., Borja-Hart, N.: Exploring employer job requirements: an analysis of pharmacy job announcements. J. Am. Pharm. Assoc. 57, 723–728 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Autor, D.H.: Why are there still so many jobs? The history and future of workplace automation. J. Econ. Perspect. 29, 3–30 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ding, Y., Li, B., Zhao, Y., Liao, F.: A novel approach to extracting posts qualification from internet. In: Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 698, pp. 213–221. Springer (2017)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kluve, J.: Active labor market programs and the business cycle. Employment policies in times of high unemployment, pp. 1–21 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Simonova
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Kolesnikov
    • 2
  • N. Spravchikova
    • 2
  1. 1.Samara State University of EconomicsSamaraRussia
  2. 2.Samara State Technical UniversitySamaraRussia

Personalised recommendations