Suppose you have a bag filled with colored marbles. You close your eyes and reach into it and pull out a handful of marbles, what can you say about what is in the bag?
You arrive in a strange town and you need a taxicab. You look out the window, and in the dark, you can just barely make out the number on the roof of one of the cabs. In this town, you know they label the cabs sequentially. How many cabs does the town have?
You have already taken the entrance exam twice and you want to know if it’s worth it to take it a third time in the hopes that your score will improve. Because only the last score is reported, you are worried that you may do worse the third time. How do you decide whether or not to take the test again?
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