The Impact of Dust’s Physical Properties on Photovoltaic Modules Outcomes

  • Hussein A. Kazem
  • Miqdam T. Chaichan
  • Ali H. A. Alwaeli
Part of the Innovative Renewable Energy book series (INREE)


In this article, an experimental analysis was carried out to evaluate the impact of the dust accumulation on the PV modules on the resulted energy losses. The dust used in the experiments was collected from three specific location of Sultanate of Oman. Samples of fly and participated dust from three sites were collected for a period of 3 months for the purpose of assessing their physical properties.

The results showed that 64% of the total dust particles were 2–63 μm in diameter. The effect of dust deposition on photovoltaic modules has also yielded mixed results from one location to another. The concentration of the surface mass of the deposited dust on the photovoltaic unit is limited to less than 1 g/m2; the reduction in energy outcomes was limited. The maximum daily decrease in efficiency was 0.05% for the samples examined, and when compared to neighbouring countries is considered a small value. The results showed that the photovoltaic cells exposure to outdoor conditions longer than 3 months caused the PV module yield to decrease by 35–40%. Therefore, it is recommended that there be periods of cleaning the cells not exceeding 3 months. The study concluded that the use of photoelectric systems in the studied sites is a feasible and economical option.


Dust deposition Pollutant type Physical properties Photovoltaic 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hussein A. Kazem
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miqdam T. Chaichan
    • 3
  • Ali H. A. Alwaeli
    • 2
  1. 1.Sohar UniversitySoharOman
  2. 2.Solar Energy Research InstituteNational University of MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Energy and Renewable Energies Technology CenterUniversity of TechnologyBaghdadIraq

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