Advertisement

IoT Security

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
  • Bahareh Bahrami
  • Arash Heidari
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
  • Farhad Norouzi
Chapter
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)

Abstract

Even though internet of things is a hybrid platform of the overlay network such as the internet, cloud computing, fog, or edge, many security solutions for the above-mentioned networks cannot be directly used on the resource-constrained devices of the IoT, hence the need for new security solutions. Security is one of the most important problems for IoT technologies, applications, and platforms. Security is not an issue that can be treated independently. Security has to be designed and built in each layer of the IoT solutions (from the device layer to the application layer). IoT security is not only about securing the network and data; it goes beyond that to attacks which can target human health or life. In this chapter, we discuss the security challenges of the IoT. First, we discuss some basic concepts of security and security requirements in the context of IoT. Then, we consider fundamental security issues in the IoT and thereafter highlight the security issues that need immediate attention.

Keywords

IoT security Privacy Trust Intrusion detection 

References

  1. 1.
    J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic, M. Palaniswami, Internet of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. 29(7), 1645–1660 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.M. Batalla, G. Mastorakis, C.X. Mavromoustakis, E. Pallis, Beyond the Internet of Things (Springer, Switzerland, 2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Díaz, C. Martín, B. Rubio, State-of-the-art, challenges, and open issues in the integration of internet of things and cloud computing. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 67, 99–117 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Perera, A. Zaslavsky, P. Christen, D. Georgakopoulos, Context aware computing for the internet of things: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 16(1), 414–454 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Zorzi, A. Gluhak, S. Lange, A. Bassi, From today’s intranet of things to a future internet of things: a wireless- and mobility-related view. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 17(6), 44–51 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Gupta, M. Quamara, An overview of internet of things (IoT): architectural aspects, challenges, and protocols. Concurrency Comput.: Pract. Exp., e4946Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Heer, O. Garcia-Morchon, R. Hummen, S.L. Keoh, S.S. Kumar, K. Wehrle, Security challenges in the IP-based internet of things. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 61(3), 527–542 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.E. Kouicem, A. Bouabdallah, H. Lakhlef, Internet of things security: a top-down survey. Comput. Netw. 141, 199–221 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Babar, A. Stango, N. Prasad, J. Sen, R. Prasad, Proposed embedded security framework for internet of things (IoT). in 2011 2nd International Conference on Wireless Communication, Vehicular Technology, Information Theory and Aerospace & Electronic Systems Technology (Wireless VITAE), Chennai, India, 28 February–3 March 2011, pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. AlAssaf, B. AlKazemi, A. Gutub, Applicable light-weight cryptography to secure medical data in IoT systems. J. Res. Eng. Appl. Sci. (JREAS) 2(2), 50–58 (2017, April)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F.A. Alaba, M. Othman, I.A.T. Hashem, F. Alotaibi, Internet of things security: a survey. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 88, 10–28 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Suo, J. Wan, C. Zou, J. Liu, Security in the internet of things: a review. in 2012 International Conference on Computer Science and Electronics Engineering (ICCSEE), vol. 3, 23–25 March 2012, pp. 648–651Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K.T. Nguyen, M. Laurent, N. Oualha, Survey on secure communication protocols for the internet of things. Ad Hoc Netw. 32, 17–31 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Zhou, H.-C. Chao, Multimedia traffic security architecture for the internet of things. IEEE Netw. 25(3), 35–40 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Roman, J. Zhou, J. Lopez, On the features and challenges of security and privacy in distributed internet of things. Comput. Netw. 57(10), 2266–2279 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Babar, P. Mahalle, A. Stango, N. Prasad, R. Prasad, Proposed security model and threat taxonomy for the internet of things (IoT). in International Conference on Network Security and Applications (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), pp. 420–429zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M.U. Farooq, M. Waseem, A. Khairi, S. Mazhar, A critical analysis on the security concerns of internet of things (IoT). Int. J. Comput. Appl. 111(7), 1–6 (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Mahmoud, T. Yousuf, F. Aloul, I. Zualkernan, Internet of things (IoT) security: current status, challenges and prospective measures. in 2015 10th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions (ICITST), London, UK, 14–16 December 2015, pp. 336–341Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. Ahmed, S.S. Kanhere, S. Jha, The holes problem in wireless sensor networks: a survey. ACM SIGMOBILE Mob. Com. Commun. Rev. 9(2), 4–18 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. Andrea, C. Chrysostomou, G. Hadjichristofi, Internet of things: security vulnerabilities and challenges. in 2015 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communication (ISCC), Larnaca, Cyprus, 6–9 July 2015, pp. 180–187Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.G. Padmavathi, M. Shanmugapriya, A survey of attacks, security mechanisms and challenges in wireless sensor networks. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Inf. Secur. 4(1–2), 1–9 (2009)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    X. Xingmei, Z. Jing, W. He, Research on the basic characteristics, the key technologies, the network architecture and security problems of the internet of things. in 2013 3rd International Conference on Computer Science and Network Technology (ICCSNT), Dalian, China, 12–13 October 2013, pp. 825–828Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. Lin, W. Yu, N. Zhang, X. Yang, H. Zhang, W. Zhao, A survey on internet of things: architecture, enabling technologies, security and privacy, and applications. IEEE Internet Things J. 4(5), 1125–1142 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Q. Jing, A.V. Vasilakos, J. Wan, J. Lu, D. Qiu, Security of the internet of things: perspectives and challenges. Wirel. Netw 20(8), 2481–2501 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    B.B. Gupta, A. Tewari, A.K. Jain, D.P. Agrawal, Fighting against phishing attacks: state of the art and future challenges. Neural Comput. & Applic. 28(12), 3629–3654 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    B.S. Thakur, S. Chaudhary, Content sniffing attack detection in client and server side: a survey. Int. J. Adv. Comput. Res. 3(2), 7 (2013)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Rizvi, A. Kurtz, J. Pfeffer, M. Rizvi, Securing the internet of things (IoT): a security taxonomy for IoT. in 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE), New York, NY, 1–3 August 2018, pp. 163–168Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Nobakht, V. Sivaraman, R. Boreli, A host-based intrusion detection and mitigation framework for smart home IoT using OpenFlow. in 2016 11th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES), Salzburg, Austria, 31 August–2 September 2016, pp. 147–156Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Raza, L. Wallgren, T. Voigt, SVELTE: real-time intrusion detection in the internet of things. Ad Hoc Netw. 11(8), 2661–2674 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H.H. Pajouh, R. Javidan, R. Khayami, D. Ali, K.-K.R. Choo, A two-layer dimension reduction and two-tier classification model for anomaly-based intrusion detection in IoT backbone networks. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. PP(99), 1 (2016)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    P. Kasinathan, C. Pastrone, M.A. Spirito, M. Vinkovits, Denial-of-Service detection in 6LoWPAN based internet of things. in 2013 IEEE 9th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), Lyon, France, 7–9 October 2013, pp. 600–607Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    B.B. Zarpelão, R.S. Miani, C.T. Kawakani, S.C. de Alvarenga, A survey of intrusion detection in internet of things. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 84, 25–37 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. Oh, D. Kim, W.W. Ro, A malicious pattern detection engine for embedded security systems in the internet of things. Sensors 14(12), 24188–24211 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    X. Yang, J. Lin, W. Yu, P.-M. Moulema, X. Fu, W. Zhao, A novel en-route filtering scheme against false data injection attacks in cyber-physical networked systems. IEEE Trans. Comput. 64(1), 4–18 (2015)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S.U. Maheswari, N. Usha, E.M. Anita, K.R. Devi, A novel robust routing protocol RAEED to avoid DoS attacks in WSN. in 2016 International Conference on Information Communication and Embedded Systems (ICICES), Chennai, India, 25–26 February 2016, pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    M.-C. Chuang, J.-F. Lee, TEAM: trust-extended authentication mechanism for vehicular ad hoc networks. IEEE Syst. J. 8(3), 749–758 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Khemissa, D. Tandjaoui, A novel lightweight authentication scheme for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks in the context of internet of things, in 2016 Wireless Telecommunications Symposium (WTS), (IEEE, 2016), pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Jacobsson, P. Davidsson, Towards a model of privacy and security for smart homes. in 2015 IEEE 2nd World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), Milan, Italy, 14–16 December 2015, pp. 727–732Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. GhaffarianHoseini, N.D. Dahlan, U. Berardi, A. GhaffarianHoseini, N. Makaremi, The essence of future smart houses: from embedding ICT to adapting to sustainability principles. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 24, 593–607 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.L. Fernández-Alemán, I.C. Señor, P.Á.O. Lozoya, A. Toval, Security and privacy in electronic health records: a systematic literature review. J. Biomed. Inform. 46(3), 541–562 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    S. Vashi, J. Ram, J. Modi, S. Verma, C. Prakash, Internet of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and security issues. in 2017 International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud)(I-SMAC), Palladam, India, 10–11 February 2017, pp. 492–496Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    X. Fang, S. Misra, G. Xue, D. Yang, Smart grid—the new and improved power grid: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 14(4), 944–980 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    S.S.S.R. Depuru, L. Wang, V. Devabhaktuni, N. Gudi, Smart meters for power grid—challenges, issues, advantages and status. in 2011 IEEE/PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Phoenix, AZ, 20–23 March 2011, pp. 1–7Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    M.A. Faisal, Z. Aung, J.R. Williams, A. Sanchez, Data-stream-based intrusion detection system for advanced metering infrastructure in smart grid: a feasibility study. IEEE Syst. J. 9(1), 31–44 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    K. Sha, N. Alatrash, Z. Wang, A secure and efficient framework to read isolated smart grid devices. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 8(6), 2519–2531 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    K. Sha, W. Wei, T.A. Yang, Z. Wang, W. Shi, On security challenges and open issues in internet of things. Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. 83, 326–337 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    D. Wu, B. Yang, R. Wang, Scalable privacy-preserving big data aggregation mechanism. Digit. Commun. Netw. 2(3), 122–129 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    C.-W. Tsai, C.-F. Lai, M.-C. Chiang, L.T. Yang, Data mining for internet of things: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 16(1), 77–97 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Z.-K. Zhang, M.C.Y. Cho, C.-W. Wang, C.-W. Hsu, C.-K. Chen, S. Shieh, IoT security: ongoing challenges and research opportunities. in 2014 IEEE 7th International Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA), Matsue, Japan, 17–19 November 2014, pp. 230–234Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    S. Radomirovic, Towards a model for security and privacy in the internet of things, in 1st International Workshop on the Security of the Internet of Things (SecIoT’10), (Tokyo, Japan, 2010)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    J.H. Ziegeldorf, O.G. Morchon, K. Wehrle, Privacy in the internet of things: threats and challenges. Secur. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 2728–2742 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    G. Liu, Z. Yan, W. Pedrycz, Data collection for attack detection and security measurement in mobile ad hoc networks: a survey. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 105, 105–122 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    J.S. Kumar, D.R. Patel, A survey on internet of things: Security and privacy issues. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 90(11), 20–26 (2014)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    R.H. Weber, Internet of things: privacy issues revisited. Comput. Law Secur. Rev. 31(5), 618–627 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    A. Riahi, Y. Challal, E. Natalizio, Z. Chtourou, A. Bouabdallah, A systemic approach for IoT security. in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS), Cambridge, MA, 20–23 May 2013, pp. 351–355Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    S. Sicari, A. Rizzardi, L.A. Grieco, A. Coen-Porisini, Security, privacy and trust in internet of things: the road ahead. Comput. Netw. 76, 146–164 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Z. Yan, P. Zhang, A.V. Vasilakos, A survey on trust management for internet of things. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 42, 120–134 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    A. Akhunzada et al., Secure and dependable software defined networks. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 61, 199–221 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito, The internet of things: a survey. Comput. Netw. 54(15), 2787–2805 (2010)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    F. Bao, R. Chen, Trust management for the internet of things and its application to service composition. in 2012 IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM), San Francisco, CA, 25–28 June 2012, pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    E.M. Daly, M. Haahr, Social network analysis for information flow in disconnected delay-tolerant MANETs. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 8(5), 606–621 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    F. Bao, R. Chen, J. Guo, Scalable, adaptive and survivable trust management for community of interest based internet of things systems. in 2013 IEEE Eleventh International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized Systems (ISADS), Mexico City, Mexico, 6–8 March 2013, pp. 1–7Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    G.M. Køien, Reflections on trust in devices: an informal survey of human trust in an internet-of-things context. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 61(3), 495–510 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Y. Ding, X.-w. Zhou, Z.-m. Cheng, F.-h. Lin, A security differential game model for sensor networks in context of the internet of things. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 72(1), 375–388 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    G. Gan, Z. Lu, J. Jiang, Internet of things security analysis. in 2011 International Conference on Internet Technology and Applications (iTAP), Wuhan, China, 16–18 August 2011, pp. 1–4Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    A. Akbarzadeh, M. Bayat, B. Zahednejad, A. Payandeh, M.R. Aref, A lightweight hierarchical authentication scheme for internet of things. J. Ambient. Intell. Humaniz. Comput. 9, 1–13 (2018)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    L. Zhou, X. Li, K.-H. Yeh, C. Su, W. Chiu, Lightweight IoT-based authentication scheme in cloud computing circumstance. Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. 91, 244–251 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    G. Sharma, S. Kalra, A lightweight multi-factor secure smart card based remote user authentication scheme for cloud-IoT applications. J. Inf. Secur. App. 42, 95–106 (2018)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    H. Sardeshmukh, D. Ambawade, A DTLS based lightweight authentication scheme using symmetric keys for internet of things. in 2017 International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET), Chennai, India, 22–24 March 2017, pp. 2183–2188Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Z. Mahmood, H. Ning, A. Ghafoor, Lightweight two-level session key management for end user authentication in internet of things. in iThings/GreenCom/CPSCom/SmartData, Chengdu, China, 15–18 December 2016, pp. 323–327Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    G.L. dos Santos, V.T. Guimarães, G. da Cunha Rodrigues, L.Z. Granville, L.M R. Tarouco, A DTLS-based security architecture for the internet of things. in 2015 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communication (ISCC), Larnaca, Cyprus, 6–9 July 2015, pp. 809–815Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    S. Jebri, M. Abid, A. Bouallegue, An efficient scheme for anonymous communication in IoT. in 2015 11th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security (IAS), Marrakech, Morocco, 14–16 December 2015, pp. 7–12Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    K. Yoshigoe, W. Dai, M. Abramson, A. Jacobs, Overcoming invasion of privacy in smart home environment with synthetic packet injection. in 2015 TRON Symposium (TRONSHOW), Tokyo, Japan, 9–10 December 2015, pp. 1–7Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    J. Ma, Y. Guo, J. Ma, J. Xiong, T. Zhang, A hierarchical access control scheme for perceptual layer of IoT, Jisuanji Yanjiu yu Fazhan. Comput. Res. Dev. 50(6), 1267–1275 (2013)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    C. Hu, J. Zhang, Q. Wen, An identity-based personal location system with protected privacy in IoT. in 2011 4th IEEE International Conference on Broadband Network and Multimedia Technology (IC-BNMT), Shenzhen, China, 28–30 October 2011, pp. 192–195Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    S. Papadopoulos, Y. Yang, D. Papadias, CADS: Continuous authentication on data streams. in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 September 2007, pp. 135–146Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    S. Papadopoulos, G. Cormode, A. Deligiannakis, M. Garofalakis, Lightweight authentication of linear algebraic queries on data streams. in Proceedings of the 2013 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, New York, NY, 22–27 June 2013, pp. 881–892Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    X. Huang, R. Fu, B. Chen, T. Zhang, A. Roscoe, User interactive internet of things privacy preserved access control. in 2012 International Conference for Internet Technology And Secured Transactions, London, UK, 10–12 December 2012, pp. 597–602Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    R.V. Nehme, E.A. Rundensteiner, E. Bertino, A security punctuation framework for enforcing access control on streaming data. in 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2008, Cancun, Mexico, 7–12 April 2008, pp. 406–415Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    R.V. Nehme, E.A. Rundensteiner, E. Bertino, Tagging stream data for rich real-time services. Proc. VLDB Endowment 2(1), 73–84 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    B. Carminati, E. Ferrari, K.L. Tan, Enforcing access control over data streams. in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Symposium on Access Control Models and Technologies, Sophia Antipolis, France, 20–22 June 2007, pp. 21–30Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    B. Carminati, E. Ferrari, J. Cao, K.L. Tan, A framework to enforce access control over data streams. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur. (TISSEC) 13(3), 28 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Y.L. Zhao, Research on data security technology in internet of things. Appl. Mech. Mater. 433, 1752–1755 (2013)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    H. Aldowah, S.U. Rehman, I. Umar, Security in internet of things: issues, challenges and solutions. in International Conference of Reliable Information and Communication Technology (Springer, Cham, 2018), pp. 396–405Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    C. Modi, D. Patel, B. Borisaniya, H. Patel, A. Patel, M. Rajarajan, A survey of intrusion detection techniques in cloud. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 36(1), 42–57 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    M. Harbawi, A. Varol, An improved digital evidence acquisition model for the internet of things forensic I: a theoretical framework. in 2017 5th International Symposium on Digital Forensic and Security (ISDFS), Tirgu Mures, Romania, 26–28 April 2017, pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    A. Dehghantanha, K. Franke, Privacy-respecting digital investigation. in 2014 Twelfth Annual International Conference on Privacy, Security and Trust (PST), Toronto, ON, 23–24 July 2014, pp. 129–138Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    S. Watson, A. Dehghantanha, Digital forensics: the missing piece of the internet of things promise. Comput. Fraud Secur. 2016(6), 5–8 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    M. Moh, R. Raju, Machine learning techniques for security of internet of things (IoT) and fog computing systems. in 2018 International Conference on High Performance Computing & Simulation (HPCS), Orleans, France, 16–20 July 2018, pp. 709–715Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    S. Deering, R. Hinden, Internet protocol, version 6 (IPv6) specification. 2070–1721 (2017)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    R. Roman, P. Najera, J. Lopez, Securing the internet of things. Computer 44(9), 51–58 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    M. Rostami, M. Majzoobi, F. Koushanfar, D.S. Wallach, S. Devadas, Robust and reverse-engineering resilient PUF authentication and key-exchange by substring matching. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. 2(1), 37–49 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    L. Bolotnyy, G. Robins, Physically unclonable function-based security and privacy in RFID systems. in Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom'07, White Plains, NY, 19–23 March 2007, pp. 211–220Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    J. Delvaux, I. Verbauwhede, Side channel modeling attacks on 65nm arbiter PUFs exploiting CMOS device noise. in 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Hardware-Oriented Security and Trust (HOST), Austin, TX, 2–3 June 2013, pp. 137–142Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    K. Sha, R. Errabelly, W. Wei, T.A. Yang, Z. Wang, EdgeSec: design of an edge layer security service to enhance IoT security. in 2017 IEEE 1st International Conference on Fog and Edge Computing (ICFEC), Madrid, Spain, 14–15 May 2017, pp. 81–88Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    L. Sweeney, K-anonymity: a model for protecting privacy. Int. J. Uncertain. Fuzz. Knowledge-Based Syst. 10(05), 557–570 (2002)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    K. Sha, C. Xu, Z. Wang, One-time symmetric key based cloud supported secure smart meter reading. in 2014 23rd International Conference on Computer Communication and Networks (ICCCN), Shanghai, China, 4–7 August 2014, pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    J. Singh, T. Pasquier, J. Bacon, H. Ko, D. Eyers, Twenty security considerations for cloud-supported internet of things. IEEE Internet Things J. 3(3), 269–284 (2015, June)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    P. Hu, A system architecture for software-defined industrial internet of things. in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband (ICUWB), Montreal, QC, 4–7 October 2015, pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    A. Bahga, V.K. Madisetti, Blockchain platform for industrial internet of things. J. Softw. Eng. Appl. 9(10), 533 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    K. Christidis, M. DevetsikIoTis, Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things. IEEE Access 4, 2292–2303 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    M.M. Hossain, M. Fotouhi, R. Hasan, Towards an analysis of security issues, challenges, and open problems in the internet of things. in 2015 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES), New York, NY, 27 June–2 July 2015, pp. 21–28Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
    • 1
  • Bahareh Bahrami
    • 2
  • Arash Heidari
    • 1
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
    • 1
  • Farhad Norouzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Shabestar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShabestarIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khoy BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKhoyIran

Personalised recommendations