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Fungi Associated with Plants and Lichens of Antarctica

  • Camila Rodrigues de Carvalho
  • Iara Furtado Santiago
  • Lívia da Costa Coelho
  • Paulo Eduardo Aguiar Saraiva Câmara
  • Micheline Carvalho Silva
  • Michael Stech
  • Carlos Augusto Rosa
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
Chapter

Abstract

The Antarctic microbial community is an important component of the ecosystem in Antarctica. Fungi are among the major Antarctic microorganisms, and several taxa have already been isolated from various substrates including vascular plants, bryophytes, and lichens. Compared with tropical and temperate ecosystems, the diversity of vascular plants in Antarctica is relatively low, such that basal plants, lichens and only two native angiosperms, Colobanthus quitensis (Caryophyllaceae) and Deschampsia antarctica (Poaceae), are dominant. Considering the extreme conditions in Antarctica, angiosperms, bryophytes and lichens, which have adapted to these conditions, represent hotspot microhabitats for fungal diversity. The fungal assemblages associated with these organisms include various taxa categorised as cosmopolitan cold-adapted and endemic species. In the present chapter, we focus on the richness, diversity, and ecology of cryptic fungal assemblages associated with bryophytes, vascular plants and lichens of Antarctica.

Keywords

Antarctic fungi Bryophytes Vascular plants and lichen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camila Rodrigues de Carvalho
    • 1
  • Iara Furtado Santiago
    • 1
  • Lívia da Costa Coelho
    • 1
  • Paulo Eduardo Aguiar Saraiva Câmara
    • 2
  • Micheline Carvalho Silva
    • 3
  • Michael Stech
    • 4
    • 5
  • Carlos Augusto Rosa
    • 1
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de MicrobiologiaInstituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de BotânicaUniversidade de BrasíliaDistrito FederalBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e MucuriUnaíBrazil
  4. 4.Naturalis Biodiversity CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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