Agricultural Waste Management for Climate Change Mitigation: Some Implications to Egypt

  • Heba ElbasiounyEmail author
  • Bodor A. Elbanna
  • Esraa Al-Najoli
  • Amal Alsherief
  • Shimaa Negm
  • Esraa Abou El-Nour
  • Aya Nofal
  • Sara Sharabash
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)


Human activity is increasing the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O). As a result, pollution and a significant warming of the earth’s surface are happening and thus expected climate changes and its adverse impacts on the environment. Due to increasing population growth during the few last decades, agriculture wastes were increasingly generated day by day. Most of these wastes are misused either by burning or disposing with unsuitable methods. This not only consumes potential valuable resources but also increases the GHGs emission in the earth’s atmosphere. Therefore, utilizing and managing these wastes with eco-friendly and sustainable manner will lead to mitigate the emission of GHGs and climate change impacts. There are traditional and modern methods for utilizing agricultural wastes for these purposes. These methods utilize agricultural wastes in animal feeding, composting, bioenergy resources, bioplastic and building material base. Therefore, exploring new and alternative methods for utilizing these potentially valuable resources and changing people behavior toward this is very necessary.


Agriculture waste Climate change Mitigation Greenhouse emissions Environment 


  1. 1.
    Smith A, Brown K, Ogilvie S, Rushton K, Bates J (2001) Waste management options and climate change final report to the European commission. DG Environment Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. ISBN 92-894-1733-1Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hagos K, Zong J, Li D, Liu C, Lu X (2017) Anaerobic co-digestion process for biogas production: progress, challenges and perspectives. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 76:1485–1496. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dhar H, Kumar S, Kumar R (2017) A review on organic waste to energy systems in India. Bioresour Technol 245(Pt A):1229–1237. Epub 31 Aug 2017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang B, Dong F, Chen M, Zhu J, Tan J, Fu X, Wang Y, Chen S (2016) Advances in recycling and utilization of agricultural wastes in China: based on environmental risk, crucial pathways, influencing factors, policy mechanism. The tenth international conference on waste management and technology (ICWMT). Procedia Environ Sci 31:12–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dedinec A, Markovska N, Ristovski I, Velevski G, Gjorgjievska VT, Grncarovska TO, Zdraveva P (2015) Economic and environmental evaluation of climate change mitigation measures in the waste sector of developing countries. J Clean Prod 88:234–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Niles M (2008) Sustainable soils: reducing, mitigating, and adapting to climate change with organic agriculture. Sustain Dev Law Policy 9(1):19–23:68–69Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hassan H, El Gebaly M, Abdul Ghani S, Hussein M (2014) An economic study of recycling agricultural wastes in Egypt. Middle East J Agric Res 3(3):592–608Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    He K, Zhang J, Zeng Y, Zhang L (2016) Households’ willingness to accept compensation for agricultural waste recycling: taking biogas production from livestock manure waste in Hubei, P. R. China as an example. J Clean Prod 131:410–420. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abou Hussein SD, Sawan OM (2010) The utilization of agricultural waste as one of the environmental issues in Egypt. J Appl Sci Res 6(8):1116–1124Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sarnklong C, Cone JW, Pellikaan W, Hendriks WH (2010) Utilization of rice straw and different treatments to improve its feed value for ruminants. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 23(5):680–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (2012) National waste report for 2012. IrelandGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zaman AU, Lehmann S (2011) Challenges and opportunities in transforming a city into a “zero waste city”. Challenges 2:73–93. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zaman AU, Lehmann S (2013) The zero waste index: a performance measurement tool for waste management systems in a ‘zero waste city’. J Clean Prod 50:123–132. Scholar
  14. 14.
    Singh S, Ramakrishna S, Gupta MK (2017) Towards zero waste manufacturing: a multidisciplinary review. J Clean Prod 168:1230–1243. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bakker R, Elbersen W, Poppens R, Lesschen JP (2013) Rice straw and wheat straw. Potential feedstocks for the biobased economy. NL Agency, Scientific report, Netherlands Programmes Sustainable Biomass.
  16. 16.
    Khanh D, Thanh N (2010) Management of agricultural waste and potential for cobenefits. HaiphongGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rodríguez A, Rosal A, Jiménez L (2010) Biorefinery of agricultural residues by fractionation of their components through hydrothermal and organosolv processes. AfinidAd LXVii(545), Enero, 14–21Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Elfeki M, Tkadlec E (2015) Treatment of municipal organic solid waste in Egypt. J Mater Environ Sci 6(3):756–764Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lausselet C, Cherubini F, Oreggioni GD, Serrano GA, Becidan M, Hu X, Kr. Rørstad P, Strømman AH (2017) Norwegian waste-to-energy: climate change, circular economy and carbon capture and storage. Resour Conserv Recycl 126:50–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yevich R, Logan JA (2003) An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world. Global Biogeochem Cycles 17(4):1095. Scholar
  21. 21.
    Viana M, López JM, Querol X, Alastuey A, García-Gacio D, Blanco-Heras G, López-Mahía P, Piñeiro-Iglesias M, Sanz MJ, Sanz F, Chi X, Maenhaut W (2008) Tracers and impact of open burning of rice straw residues on PM in Eastern Spain. Atmos Environ 42:1941–1957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Song Q, Li J, Zeng X (2015) Minimizing the increasing solid waste through zero waste strategy. J Clean Prod 104:199–210. Scholar
  23. 23.
    Asim N, Emdadi Z, Mohammad M, Yarmo MA, Sopian K (2015) Agricultural solid wastes for green desiccant applications: an overview of research achievements, opportunities and perspectives. J Clean Prod 91:26–35. Scholar
  24. 24.
    Liu Y, Zhu Y, Jia H, Yong X, Zhang L, Zhou J, Cao Z, Kruse A, Wei P (2017) Effects of different biofilm carriers on biogas production during anaerobic digestion of corn straw. Biores Technol 244:445–451. Scholar
  25. 25.
    Raffa DW, Bogdanski A, Dubois O, Tittonell P (2014) Take it or leave it? Towards a decision support tool on sustainable crop residue use part 1: soil management. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), RomeGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Félix S, Araújo J, Pires AM, Sousa AC (2017) Soap production: a green prospective. Waste Manag 66:190–195. Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zaman AU (2015) A comprehensive review of the development of zero waste management: lessons learned and guidelines. J Clean Prod 91(2015):12–25. Accessed on 15 Nov 2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pietzsch N, Ribeiro JLD, de Medeiros JF (2017) Benefits, challenges and critical factors of success for zero waste: a systematic literature review. Waste Manage 67:324–353. Scholar
  29. 29.
    Xuan L, Baotong D, Hua Y (2011) The research based on the 3-R principle of agro-circular economy model-the Erhai Lake Basin as an example. Energy Procedia 5:1399–1404. Scholar
  30. 30.
    Loiseau E, Saikku L, Antikainen R, Droste N, Hansjürgens B, Pitk€anen K, Leskinen P, Kuikman P, Thomsen M (2016) Green economy and related concepts: an overview. J Cleaner Prod 139(2016):361–371. Scholar
  31. 31.
    Classen JJ, Lal H (2012) Agricultural waste management systems and software tools. In: Rebellon LFM (ed) Waste management, an integrative vision. Intech Open.
  32. 32.
    Adeniran AE, Nubi AT, Adelopo AO (2017) Solid waste generation and characterization in the University of Lagos for a sustainable waste management. Waste Manag 67:3–10. Scholar
  33. 33.
    Li Z, Wang D, Sui P, Long P, Yan L, Wang X, Yan P, Shen Y, Dai H, Yang X, Cui J, Chen Y (2018) Effects of different agricultural organic wastes on soil GHG emissions: During a 4-year field measurement in the North China Plain. Waste Manag 81:202–210. Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ungureanu G, Ignat G, Vintu CR, Diaconu CD, Sandu IG (2017) Study of utilization of agricultural waste as environmental issue in Romania. Rev Chim 68(3):570–575Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pathak H, Singh R, Bhatia A, Jain N (2006) Recycling of rice straw to improve wheat yield and soil fertility and reduce atmospheric pollution. Paddy Water Environ 4:111–117. Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mohd-Setapar SH, Abd-Talib N, Aziz R (2012) Review on crucial parameters of silage quality. ICCCP 2012: 5–6 May 2012, Kuala Lumpur. APCBEE Procedia 3:99–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Luske B (2010) Reduced GHG emissions due to compost production and compost use in Egypt. Driebergen, The Netherlands: Louis Bolk Instituut. Rep. 2010-016LBD 30.
  38. 38.
    Arizzi M, Morra S, Pugliese M, Gullino ML, Gilardi G, Valetti F (2016) Biohydrogen and biomethane production sustained by untreated matrices and alternative application of compost waste. Waste Manag 56:151–157. Scholar
  39. 39.
    Andersen JK, Boldrin A, Samuelsson J, Christensen TH, Scheutz C (2010) Quantification of greenhouse gas emissions from windrow composting of garden waste. J Environ Qual 39(2):713–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Alananbeh KM, Bouqellah NA, Al Kaff NS (2014) Cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus on date-palm leaves mixed with other agro-wastes in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Biol Sci 21:616–625. Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pérez-Camacho MN, Curry R (2017) Regional assessment of bioeconomy options using the anaerobic biorefinery concept. Waste Manag Dispos Proc Inst Civil Eng.
  42. 42.
    Sarkar N, Ghosh S, Bannerjee S, Aikat K (2012) Bioethanol production from agricultural wastes. Renew Energy 37:19–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Tora EA, Radwan AM, Hamad MA (2016) Kinetics of the thermal decomposition of Egyptian cotton stalks, corn stalks, and rice straw. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 11(9):5711–5716Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Matheri AN, Ndiweni SN, Belaid M, Muzenda E, Hubert R (2017) Optimising biogas production from anaerobic co-digestion of chicken manure and organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 80:756–764. Scholar
  45. 45.
    Dahiya A, Kumar AN, Sravan JS, Chatterjee S, Sarkar O, Mohan SV (2018) Food waste biorefinery: sustainable strategy for circular bioeconomy. Biores Technol 248:2–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Jijai S, Siripatana C (2017) Kinetic model of biogas production from co-digestion of Thai rice noodle wastewater (khanomjeen) with chicken manure. Energy Procedia 138: 386–392. 2017 International conference on alternative energy in developing countries and emerging economies 2017 AEDCEE, 25–26 May 2017, Bangkok, ThailandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Li Z, Sui P, Yang X, Dai H, Wang X, Long P, Yan L, Chen Y (2017) Balancing GHG mitigation and food security through agricultural recycling systems: case studies in the North China Plain. J Clean Prod 157:222–231. Scholar
  48. 48.
    Liew K, Khor L (2015) Effect of different ratios of bioplastic to newspaper pulp fibres on the weight loss of bioplastic pot. J King Saud University Eng Sci 27:137–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Emadian SM, Onay TT, Demirel B (2017) Biodegradation of bioplastics in natural environments. Waste Manag 59:526–536. Scholar
  50. 50.
    Aprianti E, Shafigh P, Bahri S, Farahani JN (2017) Supplementary cementitious materials origin from agricultural wastes—a review. Constr Build Mater 74:176–187. Scholar
  51. 51.
    Kesari KK, Jamal QMS (2017) Review processing, properties and applications of agricultural solid waste: effect of an open burning in environmental toxicology. In: Kesari K (eds) Perspectives in environmental toxicology. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Fahim MA, Hassanein MK, Khalil AA, Abou Hadid AF (2013) Climate change adaptation needs for food security in Egypt. Nature Sci 11(12):68–74Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Zaki T, Kafafi AG, Mina MB, Abd El-Halim AM, Saber S (2013) Annual report for solid waste management in Egypt, 2013. New center for Integrated studies of Land & Environment (NILE). Published by: Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs With Support of: German Cooperation, Implemented by: GIZ, Designed and Printed by: I-Catchy Advertising AgencyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heba Elbasiouny
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bodor A. Elbanna
    • 1
  • Esraa Al-Najoli
    • 1
  • Amal Alsherief
    • 1
  • Shimaa Negm
    • 1
  • Esraa Abou El-Nour
    • 1
  • Aya Nofal
    • 1
  • Sara Sharabash
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Home Economics FacultyAl-Azhar UniversityTantaEgypt

Personalised recommendations