Regulating Water Security in Unconventional Oil and Gas: Common Challenges, Trade-Offs, and Best Practices from Around the Globe
This volume addresses the growing need to improve understanding of effective regulatory and policy regimes in relation to water used to operate unconventional hydrocarbon operations around the world. As the chapters in this book clearly show, legal, policy, regulatory, and political issues surrounding the use of water for hydraulic fracturing are present at every stage of operations. These include direct impacts related to the procurement of water for use in hydraulic fracturing, the collection of flowback and produced water, and the safe disposal via treatment, reuse or sale, or otherwise, of produced or other wastewaters. Also important are more indirect impacts including those related to air quality, induced seismicity and local community support. This book analyses and compares various approaches to these issues from around the globe to glean insights into common difficulties and best practices to develop and advance the interests of all stakeholders, including the natural environment and present and future generations. While it is not possible (or advisable) to simply transfer aspects of law and governing institutions from one place to another (the “cut and paste” approach), there is value in the comparative examination and understanding of legal regimes. International law may also have a role here in terms of helping to create a clear framework for water security in the context of regulating unconventional energy production that individual states can tailor to their local conditions.
KeywordsWater Unconventional hydrocarbons Hydraulic fracturing Policy Law
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