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The Political Ecology of Shale Gas Exploitation in Ukraine

  • Olena Mitryasova
  • Volodymyr Pohrebennyk
  • Chad Staddon
Chapter
Part of the Water Security in a New World book series (WSEC)

Abstract

The chapter explores the main problems associated with the use of hydraulic fracturing for the production of shale gas in Ukraine. Special attention is paid to water issues. A detailed SWOT-analysis of the problem was carried out. Territorial distribution of water resources is uneven and unfortunately does not match the regions of greatest energy or mineral abundance. The smallest amount of water is found in places of concentration of powerful industrial consumers – the Donbass, Kryvorizhzhya, and the southern region of Ukraine. Areas of potential shale gas coincide with the areas of the smallest available water resources and areas with the greatest density of population. Experience elsewhere and the now well-known specifics of the hydraulic fracturing process allows us to identify potential threats to the environmental security of the country: pollution of clean groundwater and surface waters of Ukraine; utilization of large quantities of fresh water in the Yuzhivska and Oleska basins, especially in densely populated regions; degradation of large natural areas; emissions of greenhouse gases exacerbating climate change; the occurrence of seismic phenomena; and the degradation of natural landscapes.

Keywords

Hydraulic fracturing Oleska and Yuzhivska deposits Water resources SWOT-analysis Political ecology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olena Mitryasova
    • 1
  • Volodymyr Pohrebennyk
    • 2
  • Chad Staddon
    • 3
  1. 1.Petro Mohyla Black Sea National UniversityMykolaivUkraine
  2. 2.Lviv Polytechnic National UniversityLvivUkraine
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Environmental ManagementUniversity of the West of EnglandBristolUK

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