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Animal Versus Reflective Orders of Epistemic Competence

  • Ernest Sosa
Chapter
Part of the Philosophical Studies Series book series (PSSP, volume 141)

Abstract

Reflective knowledge requires more of one’s first-order apt belief, which now must also manifest a second-order competence, the believer’s second-order competence to judge whether first-order belief is or would be apt.

Keywords

Reflection Virtue epistemology Epistemic competence Reflective competence 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest Sosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Board of Governors Professor of PhilosophyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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