Introduction: Examined Live – An Epistemological Exchange Between Philosophy and Cultural Psychology on Reflection
Since the famous passage in which Socrates (Plato 1997) says that the unexamined, and therefore non-reflected, life is not worth living, “reflection” has been a diffuse and iterant term in ethics, moral philosophy, epistemology, political philosophy (Tiberius 2008; Skorupski 2010), but also in psychology (Marsico et al. 2015). This volume opens a new perspective on the topic of reflection, considering the most recent approaches in both philosophy (namely in epistemology) and cultural psychology.
KeywordsReflection Virtue epistemology Cultural psychology Agency Understanding
The editors are grateful to the institutions that provided intellectual and material support to the making of this volume. Waldomiro Silva Filho thanks the CNPq (Brazil) for the research grant “Bolsa de Produtividade em Pesquisa (#312111/2016-9)”, the CAPES (Brazil) for the international senior visiting grant (BEX 2706/15-6) at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT, Cambridge, MA), as visiting researcher between 2015 and 2016. He is also grateful to CONCEPT (Cologne Center for Contemporary Epistemology and the Kantian Tradition) of Universität zu Köln (Cologne, Germany) that had him as visiting professor between 2017 and 2018. The idea of this book originated during the visiting at MIT, under the supervision of Prof. Agustin Rayo and the courses of Prof. Alex Byrne. The period at CONCEPT was useful for the final organization of the book and, for these reasons, a special thanks is due to Prof. Sven Bernecker and to Felipe Rocha, his principal interlocutor. Finally, Silva Filho is grateful to the Department of Philosophy at Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) for creating the institutional conditions allowing his periods of leave in order to accomplish research staying abroad.
Luca Tateo is grateful to the Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) for hosting his research stays as an international visiting professor, during which he has had the opportunity to establish a very fruitful dialogue between Europe and Brazil and between cultural psychology and a number of other disciplines.
Felipe Rocha L. Santos contributed to this introduction and he is grateful to the Department of Philosophy at Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), for hosting him in the postdoctoral fellowship program PNPD (Programa Nacional de Pós-Doutorado), and also to CONCEPT (Cologne Center for Contemporary Epistemology and the Kantian Tradition) of Universität zu Köln (Cologne, Germany), where he has been visiting scholar between June and August 2017.
- Bahr, A., and M. Seidel, eds. 2016. Ernest Sosa: Targeting his philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Bett, R., ed. 2010. The Cambridge companion to acient scepticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Bonjour, Laurence. 1985. The structure of empirical knowledge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Brentano, F. 1874/2012. Psychology from an empirical standpoint. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Bühler, K. 1907/1999. Tatsachen und Probleme zu einer Psychologie der Denkvorgänge. I. Über Gedanken. Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie 9: 297–365. [Nachdruck in: Ziche, P. (Ed.). (1999). Introspektion. Texte zur Selbstwahrnehmung des Ichs (pp. 157–209). Berlin: Springer].Google Scholar
- Chisholm, R.M. 1973. The problem of criterion. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 1989. Theory of knowledge. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Frances, B. 2014. Disagreement. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
- Frankfurt, H. 1971. Freedom of the will and the concept of a person. In The importance of what we care about – Philosophical papers, 11–25. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., 1988.Google Scholar
- ———. 1999. The faintest passion. In Necessity, volition, and love. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Goldman, A. 1979. What is justified belief? In Liaisons: Philosophy meets the cognitive and social sciences, 105–126. Cambridge, MA: Bradford., 1992.Google Scholar
- Greco, J., ed. 2004. Ernest Sosa and his critics. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Gürtner, A., F. Tschan, N.K. Semmer, and C. Nägele. 2007. Getting groups to develop good strategies: Effects of reflexivity interventions on team process, team performance, and shared mental models. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 102: 127–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.05.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hermans, H.J. 2002. The dialogical self as a society of mind: Introduction. Theory & Psychology 12 (2): 147–160.Google Scholar
- Kahneman, D. 2011. Thinking, fast and slow, 2013. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
- Kornblith, H., ed. 2001. Epistemology: Internalism and externalism. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- ———. 2008. Self-constitution: Agency, identity, and integrity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Marsico, G., R. Andrisano Ruggieri, and S. Salvatore, eds. 2015. Reflexivity and psychology. Charlotte, NC: Information Age.Google Scholar
- McDowell, J. 1994. Mind and world. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Pfadenhauer, M., and H. Knoblauch, eds. 2019. Social constructivism as paradigm? London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Plato. 1997. Complete works. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.Google Scholar
- Sextus Empiricus (HP). 2000. Outlines of Scepticism (Hipotiposes Pirronianas – Pyrrōneioi Hypotypōeis). Trans. & ed. Julia Anna and Jonathan Barnes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Silva Filho, W.J., and F.S. Rocha. 2015. Reflection, epistemic value and human flourishing. Analytica 19 (1): 129–144.Google Scholar
- Sosa, E. 1985. Knowledge and intellectual virtue. In Knowledge in perspective: selected essays in epistemology, 225–244. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., 1991.Google Scholar
- Turri, J., ed. 2013. Virtuous thoughts: The philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Valsiner, J., Marsico, G., Chaudhary, N., Sato, T., & Dazzani, V. (Eds.) (2016). Psychology as the science of human being. The Yokohama manifesto. Cham: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar