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Geminiviruses pp 103-121 | Cite as

Global Weed-Infecting Geminiviruses

  • Poonam Roshan
  • Aditya Kulshreshtha
  • Vipin HallanEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Weeds are invasive species that grow along with cultivated plants due to their high phenotypic plasticity. They serve as reservoirs of geminiviruses during off-season for main crops and provide the source of virus inoculum during their plantation. Geminiviruses are single-stranded DNA viruses enclosed in icosahedral geminate particles. These viruses can be either monopartite or bipartite, depending upon the number of genomic circles present. The members of genus Begomovirus are responsible for huge economic crop losses and are transmitted through insect vector Bemisia tabaci. The majority of the weed-infecting monopartite begomoviruses are associated with Betasatellite genus of Tolecusatellitidae family and alphasatellites. Geminiviruses are reported to infect a variety of weeds in South-east Asia, Mediterranean region, Western Europe (mainly Spain and France), Africa, Latin America, Central America, Caribbean region, and Australia. Weeds harbor the mixed infection of viruses; therefore, these plants serve as melting pots for recombination and evolution of begomoviruses. This chapter presents the geminivirus infection on weeds, their recombination, and their spread to newer hosts.

Keywords

Weed Begomovirus Mixed infection Whitefly Betasatellite 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge Director CSIR-IHBT for providing the research facilities. PR is thankful to Council of Scientific and Innovative Research for providing Junior and Senior Research Fellowship. AK thanks the University Grants Commission (UGC) for providing Junior and Senior Research Fellowship. PR and AK duly acknowledge Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), New Delhi, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poonam Roshan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aditya Kulshreshtha
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vipin Hallan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource TechnologyPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Plant Virology LabCSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource TechnologyPalampurIndia

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