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Mastreviruses in the African World: Harbouring Both Monocot and Dicot Species

  • Avinash Marwal
  • Rakesh Kumar Verma
  • Megha Mishra
  • Rajesh Kumar
  • R. K. Gaur
Chapter

Abstract

Mastreviruses are the main causal viral agent of a variety of plant diseases in African continent posing a serious threat to economically important plant species, residing/harbouring chiefly in the uncultivated ones. Mastreviruses are known to have numerous diverse carrier vectors infecting either monocotyledons or dicotyledons plants. More than 1950 Mastreviruses sequences are publically available in nucleotide database of NCBI, majority (~850) of them are reported from Africa alone. All the known Mastreviruses encompass a monopartite genomic nature (ranges from 2.5 to 2.7 kb) encoding four genes. Reports and evidences suggest a strong intra- or inter-specific recombination among the identified Mastreviruses, but the extent to which it creates diversity is still a challenging task to understand and get a clear insight. Such diversity is also supported by gene acquisition and mutations (especially point mutations and small insertions or deletions). Current study focuses on the molecular diversity analysis and genomic characterization of the reported Mastreviruses from the African continent.

Keywords

Geminivirus Epidemiology Phylogenetic analysis Genomic characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Science and Engineering Research Board—Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, India for the financial assistance (File No. YSS/2015/000265 and EMR/2016/000579).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avinash Marwal
    • 1
  • Rakesh Kumar Verma
    • 2
  • Megha Mishra
    • 2
  • Rajesh Kumar
    • 2
  • R. K. Gaur
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyMohanlal Sukhadia UniversityUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Arts, Science and CommerceMody UniversityLakshmangarh, SikarIndia

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