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Non-pharmacological Treatment of Hypertension

  • Dénes Páll
  • Miklós Zrínyi
Chapter
Part of the Updates in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Protection book series (UHCP)

Abstract

Lowering elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents has significant impact. In these ages, non-pharmacological treatment, that is, comprehensive lifestyle changes, is preferred. Most hypertensive youth are often overweight or obese. Loss of body weight therefore not only lowers blood pressure but also has favorable effects for other cardiovascular risk factors. Changes in eating habits, mainly restricted calorie intake and the addition of DASH diet, should hold great potential in decreasing elevated blood pressure. Increased physical activity has a strong and positive effect on lowering blood pressure as well, but the focus should be on regularity of exercise and not its intensity. Decline of daily salt intake should also contribute to achieving target blood pressure levels. Other factors, such as motivational interviewing and stress management, hold promise for reaching regulated blood pressure outcomes in adolescents. Best results may be achieved by combining these lifestyle-modifying methods for long-term success.

Keywords

Blood pressure Hypertension Lifestyle changes Low-calorie diet DASH diet Physical activity Salt intake Motivational interview Stress reduction Obesity Children and adolescent 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dénes Páll
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miklós Zrínyi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Coordination Center for Drug DevelopmentUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary

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