Designing, Reporting, and Interpreting Clinical Research Studies About Treatments for Pain: Evidence-Based Medicine

  • Nisheeth Pandey
  • Joseph Park
  • Sukdeb Datta


A thorough understanding of evidence-based medicine is a requirement for any clinician, especially those in rapidly developing specialties such as pain medicine. This understanding is not only important to guide clinical practice, but also to empower active contribution to the body of evidence that is required to justify reimbursements for interventions.


Evidence-based medicine Trial design Placebo controlled Randomized Bias CONSORT SPIRIT IMMPACT ACTTION 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nisheeth Pandey
    • 1
  • Joseph Park
    • 2
  • Sukdeb Datta
    • 3
  1. 1.Pain ManagementFayette County Memorial HospitalWashington Court HouseUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyMount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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