Knee and Leg

  • Adham Aboul Fotouh Khalil
  • C. Hernández-Díaz


This chapter describes normal and pathological findings in the knee and leg of pediatric patients by ultrasound. Knee joint is accessible but with a complex anatomy, especially in early stages of development due to cartilage and growing structures.

Ultrasonography as an image technique is ideal because it provides enough elements for the evaluation of the joint and soft tissue structures in the children. By performing a structured examination with dynamic movements, it also allows to determine inflammatory and mechanical lesions in the different stages of maturation of the children.


Musculoskeletal ultrasonography MSUS Knee Ultrasound Pediatric Rheumatology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adham Aboul Fotouh Khalil
    • 1
  • C. Hernández-Díaz
    • 2
  1. 1.Egyptian School for Musculoskeletal UltrasonographyCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Musculoskeletal ultrasound LaboratoryInstituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”Mexico cityMexico

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