End of Famine
India’s population began to grow rapidly from the 1920s, as death rates fell quickly, children survived early-life diseases better, and epidemics were brought under control. Innovations in medical research and communications played a significant role in ending famines. These were, partly, an indirect benefit of openness. But mortality decline was not good news for all. Mortality decline meant that more young women had to mind more children at home. Early marriage prevented many women from taking up new wage-earning opportunities. Growing family size made their economic value smaller and lives at home harder than before.
KeywordsPopulation growth Women in India Famine Epidemics in India Public health
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