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Neurosurgery for Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke

  • Thomas J. Sorenson
  • Enrico Giordan
  • Giuseppe LanzinoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The term stroke refers to damage of the brain parenchyma which can be secondary to occlusion of a blood vessel causing ischemia (ischemic stroke) or to extravasation of blood outside the confines of the vascular system (hemorrhagic stroke). Patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke may require a variety of medical or interventional management strategies, including mechanical clot retrieval, carotid endarterectomy, carotid stenting, bypass, or decompressive craniotomy. Patients presenting with hemorrhagic stroke secondary to a ruptured vascular lesion may require more extensive management of both the hemorrhage and the lesion. In this chapter, we summarize the most common clinical presentations of patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes and briefly describe modern therapeutic modalities for the most common pathologies.

Keywords

Ischemic Hemorrhagic Stroke Management Surgery Endovascular 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas J. Sorenson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Enrico Giordan
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Lanzino
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Neurologic SurgeryMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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