Peripheral Nerve Surgery

  • Roberto S. Martins
  • Mario G. Siqueira


Several mechanisms are involved in peripheral nerve injury including trauma, entrapment syndromes, and tumors. The clinical history and the physical examination are fundamental for the correct diagnosis and for the choice of the best therapy. The indication for surgery will depend on the mechanism of injury and the degree of neurological impairment. For entrapment syndromes, surgery is indicated in the failure of conservative treatment or when there is functional impairment (sensory or motor) related to the affected nerve. Surgery is also indicated for open traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves, and it is generally recommended for patients with intrinsic tumors such as schwannomas. In this chapter we present a review of the main surgical conditions affecting the peripheral nerves.


Peripheral nerve Peripheral nerve surgery Peripheral nerve injury Nerve repair Nerve entrapment syndromes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto S. Martins
    • 1
  • Mario G. Siqueira
    • 1
  1. 1.Peripheral Nerve Surgery Unit, Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of PsychiatryUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil

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