Heavy Metals

  • Leiva Casemiro OliveiraEmail author
  • Antonio Marcus Nogueira Lima
  • Carsten Thirstrup
  • Helmut Franz Neff
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 70)


This chapter describes the operation points, i.e. the necessary parameters to excited the surface plasmon for the free electron type metals. Aspects like incident angle range, wavelength range, metal thickness, optical substrate, nanoparticle size, dynamic range, responsivity, SPR depth intensity and line broadening are present.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leiva Casemiro Oliveira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio Marcus Nogueira Lima
    • 2
  • Carsten Thirstrup
    • 3
  • Helmut Franz Neff
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science (DC)Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region (UFERSA)MossoróBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering (DEE)Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG)Campina GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Danish National Metrology InstituteKongens LyngbyDenmark

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