Introduction and Background Information

  • Leiva Casemiro OliveiraEmail author
  • Antonio Marcus Nogueira Lima
  • Carsten Thirstrup
  • Helmut Franz Neff
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 70)


The introduction and background information are discussed in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leiva Casemiro Oliveira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio Marcus Nogueira Lima
    • 2
  • Carsten Thirstrup
    • 3
  • Helmut Franz Neff
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science (DC)Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region (UFERSA)MossoróBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering (DEE)Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG)Campina GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Danish National Metrology InstituteKongens LyngbyDenmark

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