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Conclusion to Part III: The Future of the Spanish Car Industry

  • A. J. Jacobs
Chapter

Abstract

Part III closes with this chapter, which provides summary data on annual car production in Spain and focuses on how the country’s lower-than-EU-average labor costs fostered post-1989 growth. The final section speculates on Spain’s prospects for car production during the 2020s.

References

  1. ACEA (2013–2018) The Automobile Industry Pocket Guide: 2013 to 2018/2019 (Brussels: European Automobile Manufacturers Association).Google Scholar
  2. AFNAC (2003–2017) Produccion Por Factorias en Espana, 2003–2016. Madrid: Asociacion Espanola de Fabricantes de Automoviles y Camiones.Google Scholar
  3. Eurostat (2018) Eurostat Data for Population, Labor Costs, Unemployment, General Government finances, etc., http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main/home, last 3 December.
  4. UN (2018) United Nations: Monthly Bulletin of Statistics Online, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs/app/DataSearchTable.aspx, 3 December.
  5. Ward’s (1956–2018). Ward’s Automotive Yearbook, 1956 to 2018 (Detroit: Ward’s Communications).Google Scholar
  6. Ward’s (2012–2014) Ward’s World Motor Vehicle Data, 2012 to 2014 (Detroit: Ward’s Communications).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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