Spinal Cord Injury During Spinal Surgery

  • Hironobu Hayashi
  • Masahiko Kawaguchi


Despite the best of care, spinal surgery has inherent risk of intraoperative spinal cord injury (SCI). Early detection and treatment of intraoperative SCI is crucial. This chapter contains the recommendation to minimize intraoperative SCI. Anesthetic management, electrophysiological neuromonitoring technique, and pharmacological therapy are addressed in this chapter.


Spinal cord injury Somatosensory-evoked potential SSEP Motor-evoked potential MEP D-wave Spinal MEP Myogenic MEP Methylprednisolone 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hironobu Hayashi
    • 1
  • Masahiko Kawaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyNara Medical UniversityKashihara, NaraJapan

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