If Neither from Evolution nor from the Bible, Where Does Tension Between Science and Religion Come from? Insights from a Survey with High School Students in a Roman Catholic Society

  • João C. PaivaEmail author
  • Carla Morais
  • Luciano Moreira
Part of the Contemporary Trends and Issues in Science Education book series (CTISE, volume 48)


In this chapter, we present and analyse the perceptions of Portuguese students about the relationship between science and religion in a Catholic cultural context. A pen and paper questionnaire was answered by 308 High School students. Results suggest that conflict, independence, and dialogue seem to be ways adopted by respondents for conceiving the relationship between science and religion. It is worth mentioning that the Bible and the theory of the evolution of species do not seem to be the reasons why science and religion are perceived as conflictual among young believers. Further research is necessary to understand the sources of conflictual perceptions, exploring the consistency of results across different levels of analysis.


Science and religion Epistemic insight Catholic High School 



The authors are grateful to João Moreira for reviewing the manuscript. Luciano Moreira is supported by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia grant: PD/BD/114152/2015.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • João C. Paiva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carla Morais
    • 1
  • Luciano Moreira
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do PortoCIQUP, Unidade de Ensino das CiênciasPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do PortoCIQUPPortoPortugal

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