Five steps can be identified in the lighting design process that are common to most lighting applications: analysis of the lighting functions, determination of the quality parameters and their values, choice of the lighting and control system, choice of lamp and luminaire types and determination of the number and positions of the luminaires.
The more important specific application aspects are discussed for the application fields office lighting, industrial lighting, classroom lighting, lighting for healthcare institutions and emergency lighting.
Advantages of general lighting, localised lighting and their combinations are reviewed, just as the advantages of direct, indirect and combination of direct and indirect lighting. Dynamic lighting scenarios for office and industrial lighting that optimise performance, health and well-being are given. For classroom lighting, dynamic automated lighting with the possibility for the teacher to put the lighting in a concentration or relaxation mode is proposed. For wardrooms and intensive care units in hospitals, lighting is discussed that provides a robust and regular circadian rhythm for the patients with potential advantages for their recovery. Dynamic lighting in nursing homes for the elderly can provide not only a robust circadian rhythm but also a therapeutic effect for many Alzheimer’s patients with regard to their sleep-wake rhythm.
The most important objective of emergency lighting is to ensure the safety of users and visitors of a building when in the case of a calamity the normal lighting fails. Based on international standards the emergency lighting quality specifications are explained.
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